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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.11.2011.tde-10022011-161211
Document
Author
Full name
Luiza Meneguelli Fassarella
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Piracicaba, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
Burnquist, Heloisa Lee (President)
Faria, Rosane Nunes de
Spolador, Humberto Francisco Silva
Title in Portuguese
Impactos das medidas técnicas e sanitárias nas exportações brasileiras de carne de frango
Keywords in Portuguese
Carnes e derivados
Comércio internacional
Exportação - Brasil
Frangos de corte
Medidas sanitárias animal.
Abstract in Portuguese
O principal objetivo deste trabalho é avaliar os efeitos das medidas técnicas e sanitárias introduzidas pelos principais importadores mundiais sobre o acesso da carne de frango brasileira no mercado internacional. O estudo associa a análise de inventário com procedimentos econométricos para mensurar o impacto das medidas técnicas e sanitárias sobre as exportações brasileiras de carne de frango. O impacto das medidas é estimado utilizando um modelo gravitacional construído com dados desagregados do comércio bilateral de carne de frango entre Brasil e seus principais parceiros comerciais para o período de 1996 a 2009. O modelo gravitacional é estimado através do modelo de efeitos fixos e os resultados indicam que o impacto das medidas TBT e SPS é ambíguo sobre as exportações brasileiras de carne de frango. Os resultados indicaram que a existência de regulamentos técnicos e sanitários relacionados à rotulagem pode estar estimulando o comércio desse produto, enquanto que a presença de exigências TBT e SPS que envolvem conformidade parece reduzir o volume das exportações brasileiras de carne de frango. Adicionalmente, a presença das medidas técnicas e sanitárias de natureza proibitiva/quarentenária pode ter impactado positivamente sobre o volume das exportações brasileiras de carne de frango. Trata-se de um resultado relevante por indicar a importância de se considerar as diferentes características e conteúdo dos regulamentos para analisar os impactos das medidas TBT e SPS sobre o comércio.
Title in English
Impact of sanitary and technical measures in Brazilian exports of poultry meat
Keywords in English
Broiler meat
Exportation Brazil
International Trade
Meat and meat products
Sanitary measures.
Abstract in English
The major objective of this work is to evaluate the effects of technical and sanitary measures introduced by the main world importers upon Brazilian poultry meat in the international market. The study associates the inventory analysis with econometric procedures to measure the impact of technical and sanitary measures upon Brazilian poultry meat exports. The impact of the measures is estimated using a gravity model constructed with disaggregated data about bilateral poultry meat between Brazil and its major trade partners for the period from 1996 to 2009. The gravity model is estimated with a fixed effects model and the results indicate that the impact of TBT and SPS measures upon Brazilian poultry meat exports is ambiguous. The results indicated that the existence of technical and sanitary regulations related to labeling might be stimulating trade of this product, while the presence of TBT and SPS regulations related to compliance appears to reduce the volume of Brazilian exports of poultry meat. In addition, the existence of prohibitive (and/or subject to quarantine) technical and sanitary measures may present a positive impact upon the traded volume of Brazilian exports of poultry meat. This result is relevant since it indicates the importance in considering different characteristics and content of regulations to analyze the impacts of TBT and SPS measures upon trade.
 
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Publishing Date
2011-02-14
 
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