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Master's Dissertation
DOI
https://doi.org/10.11606/D.106.2019.tde-30092020-160641
Document
Author
Full name
Loren Belei
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2019
Supervisor
Committee
Morsello, Carla (President)
Adams, Cristina
Amazonas, Nino Tavares
Voigtlaender, Maureen
Title in English
What is needed to implement a forest and landscape restoration intervention? Development of a socioeconomic standard
Keywords in English
Forest and Landscape Restoration; Socioeconomic aspects; Socioeconomic Principles; Standardization Scheme
Abstract in English
Interest in ecological restoration and forest restoration projects has grown both in the scientific and practical fields of public policy and civil society. The reason for this is the increase in the number of international agreements (e.g., Paris agreement) and national initiatives that drive public policy and the interest of private enterprise in restoration projects, especially as a means of mitigating carbon emissions. More recently, restoration projects have adopted new approaches to make them more effective and applicable at large scales and including anthropogenic land uses. The Restoration of Forests and Landscapes is such approach, which seeks to encompass not only ecological objectives of forest restoration, but also social and economic aspects, with the aim of promoting the livelihoods of the actors of the landscape involved. It differs from other approaches since it does not only focus on restoration of degraded lands but aims to couple forest restoration with other anthropogenic land uses producing multifunctional landscapes. Despite the growing interest in restoration projects, it is necessary to further develop and implement tools to verify compliance with restoration projects' objectives and socioeconomic impacts, especially in more complex approaches such as landscapes. This project therefore aimed to identify the necessary principles and propose a standard framework of socioeconomic aspects for forest and landscape restoration projects. The project was done in two steps. The first served to identify the main concepts and principles of Forest and Landscape Restoration. In the second stage, develop a standardization scheme of socioeconomic aspects, which may be suitable for different contexts and which aims to assist in the planning, implementation of project monitoring.
Title in Portuguese
O que é necessário para implementar um projeto de restauração de florestas e paisagens? Elaboração de um esquema de padronização socioeconômico
Keywords in Portuguese
Restauração de Florestas e Paisagens; Aspectos Socioeconômicos; Princípios Socioeconômicos; Esquema de Padronização
Abstract in Portuguese
O interesse por projetos de restauração ecológica e restauração florestal tem crescido tanto no campo científico, quanto no campo prático de políticas públicas e da sociedade civil. A razão para tal é o aumento no número de acordos internacionais (e.g., acordo de Paris) e iniciativas nacionais que impulsionam políticas públicas e o interesse da iniciativa privada em projetos de restauração, especialmente como forma de mitigar as emissões de carbono. Mais recentemente, os projetos de restauração adotaram novas abordagens, visando torná-los mais efetivos e aplicáveis a escalas amplas e que incluem usos antrópicos do solo. A Restauração de Florestas e Paisagens é uma dessas abordagens, que procura abarcar não somente objetivos ecológicos de restauração florestal, mas também aspectos sociais e econômicos, com o objetivo de promover a melhoria nos meios de vida dos atores da paisagem envolvida. Difere das demais abordagens pois não foca apenas em restauração das terras degradadas, mas visa acoplar a restauração florestal aos demais usos antrópicos da terra produzindo paisagens multifuncionais. A despeito do interesse crescente nos projetos de restauração, faz-se necessário avançar na elaboração e implantação de ferramentas que visem verificar o cumprimento dos objetivos e impactos socioeconômicos dos projetos de restauração, especialmente em abordagens mais complexas como a de paisagens. Este projeto tem portanto, o objetivo de identificar os princípios necessários para tal, e propor um esquema de padronização dos aspectos socioeconômicos para projetos de restauração de florestas e paisagens. Para isso, o projeto possui duas etapas. A primeira serviu para identificar os principais conceitos e princípios da Restauração de Florestas e Paisagens. Na segunda etapa, elaborar um esquema de padronização dos aspectos socioeconômicos, que possa ser adequado a contextos diversos e que visa auxiliar no planejamento, implementação de monitoramento dos projetos.
 
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Publishing Date
2020-10-08
 
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