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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.106.2014.tde-26012015-141237
Document
Author
Full name
Rennyo Kunizo Nakabayashi
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2014
Supervisor
Committee
Zilles, Roberto (President)
Fagá, Murilo Tadeu Werneck
Gouvea, Marcos Roberto
Title in Portuguese
Microgeração fotovoltaica no Brasil: condições atuais e perspectivas futuras
Keywords in Portuguese
análise de sensibilidade
energia solar fotovoltaica
fotovoltaico
geração distribuída
microgeração
simulação de Monte Carlo
Viabilidade econômica
Abstract in Portuguese
A atratividade econômica da micro e minigeração está intrinsecamente relacionada às tarifas de energia elétrica convencional, já que o benefício, do ponto de vista financeiro, para o micro/minigerador é o custo evitado para a compra de energia elétrica convencional. Desta forma, realizou-se a avaliação econômico-financeira de sistemas fotovoltaicos de geração distribuída sob a ótica do consumidor residencial. A análise foi realizada para as 27 capitais brasileiras e incluiu estimativas relacionadas às seguintes figuras de mérito: Valor Presente Líquido (VPL), Taxa Interna de Retorno (TIR) e Payback (tempo de retorno sobre o investimento). Foi realizada uma análise de sensibilidade e uma projeção dos resultados para o ano de 2020, utilizando Simulação de Monte Carlo. Para o ano de 2015, a expectativa é que na maioria das capitais brasileiras já existam condições favoráveis para a micro/minigeração com sistemas fotovoltaicos, dados os reajustes tarifários de energia elétrica aprovados em 2014. Observou-se que, dependendo da diferença entre as tarifas com e sem impostos, o percentual de autoconsumo pode exercer grande influência sobre a atratividade financeira na microgeração. Em 2020, espera-se que a probabilidade de viabilidade da microgeração fotovoltaica, ultrapasse os 90%, enquanto que, em 2015, a probabilidade de viabilidade para as 27 capitais brasileiras está próxima de 62%.
Title in English
Photovoltaic microgeneration in Brazil: current conditions and future prospects
Keywords in English
distributed generation
Economic viability
microgeneration
Monte Carlo Simulation
photovoltaic
sensitivity analysis
solar energy
Abstract in English
The economic attractiveness of micro and minigeneration is intrinsically related to conventional electricity price, as the benefit from the financial side, to the micro/minigerador is the avoided cost with the energy purchase. In this way, an economic assessment of photovoltaic distributed generation was performed (from the perspective of the residential consumer). The analysis was made for the 27 brazilian capitals and the following results are presented: Net Present Value (NPV), Internal Rate of Return (IRR) and Payback (return time on investment). A sensitivity analysis was made, besides a probabilistic approach for the year 2020, using Monte Carlo Simulation. For 2015, the expectation is that in most brazilian capitals already exist favorable conditions for photovoltaic micro/minigenerators, mainly because the electricity tariffs readjustments approved in 2014. It was also observed that, depending on the difference between the prices with and without taxes, self-consumption percentage could greatly influence the financial attractiveness of microgeneration. By 2020, it is expected that the probability of viability for photovoltaic microgeneration, could be over than 90% in the brazilian capitals, while in 2015, the probability of viability for the 27 capital cities is near 62%.
 
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Publishing Date
2015-01-27
 
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