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Doctoral Thesis
Full name
Gabriela Gomes Coelho Ferreira
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
São Paulo, 2019
Oliveira, Amâncio Jorge Silva Nunes de (President)
Carvalho, Vinicius Mariano de
Balbachevsky, Elizabeth
Bernabel, Rodolpho Talaisys
Title in English
Brazilian educational diplomacy: PEC-G and PEC-PG as foreign policy tools
Keywords in English
Educational diplomacy
Foreign police
Abstract in English
Can developing countries influence the transnational arena using science and education as foreign policy tools? Soft power is usually related to developed countries as consequence of military and economic power. However, taking in account its owns constraints, major developing countries are designing strategies adapted to the new transnational arena modified by technological transformations. Those strategies include scientific and educational agreements towards an exchange of knowledge and shaping public opinion: science, education and innovation diplomacy. To shed light on the central question presented above, I will use as a case study the Brazilian international scholarship program, addressing other issues. Do Brazilian scholarships influence these students' perception towards the country's projection in the international arena? What are the determinants of their perception? Do these students become elites who can influence Brazilian international relations in the future? Thereby, I aim to analyse the role of the international scholarships funded by the Brazilian government to assess the factors that contribute to the success or not of the Brazilian Educational and Foreign Policy. Using a survey with different groups of international students and researchers, I will use statistical analysis to compare their perception of Brazil, indicating the effect of some determinants as field of study, country of residence and the Brazilian region where they pursued their degrees or realized their researches. Also, the survey allows enlighten soft power indicators according to the literature.
Title in Portuguese
Diplomacia educacional brasileira: PEC-G e PEC-PG como ferramentas de política externa
Keywords in Portuguese
Diplomacia educacional
Política externa
Abstract in Portuguese
Os países em desenvolvimento podem influenciar a arena transnacional usando a ciência e a educação como ferramentas de política externa? O poder brando está geralmente relacionado aos países desenvolvidos como consequência do poder militar e econômico. No entanto, levando em conta suas próprias limitações, os principais países em desenvolvimento estão desenvolvendo estratégias adaptadas à nova arena transnacional modificada pelas transformações tecnológicas. Estas estratégias incluem acordos científicos e educacionais para uma troca de conhecimento e moldar a opinião pública: diplomacia de ciência, educação e inovação. Para elucidar a questão central apresentada acima, utilizarei como estudo de caso o programa de bolsas de estudos internacionais brasileiro, abordando outras questões. As bolsas de estudo brasileiras influenciam a percepção desses estudantes em relação à projeção do país na arena internacional? Quais são os determinantes da sua percepção? Esses alunos se tornam elites que podem influenciar as relações internacionais brasileiras no futuro? Assim, pretendo analisar o papel das bolsas internacionais financiadas pelo governo brasileiro para avaliar os fatores que contribuem para o sucesso da Política Externa e Educacional do Brasil. Utilizando uma pesquisa com diferentes grupos de estudantes e pesquisadores internacionais, utilizarei a análise estatística para comparar sua percepção sobre o Brasil, indicando o efeito de alguns determinantes no campo de estudo, país de residência e região brasileira onde se realizaram ou realizaram seus estudos e pesquisas. Além disso, a pesquisa permite esclarecer indicadores de poder brando de acordo com a literatura.
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