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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.100.2019.tde-11122018-151901
Document
Author
Full name
Daniella de Souza Marcondes
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Raimundo, Sidnei (President)
Sansolo, Davis Gruber
Sarti, Antonio Carlos
Simoes, Eliane
Title in Portuguese
Os conflitos decorrentes do veraneio e do turismo sobre o território tradicional caiçara na Praia de Castelhanos a partir da década de 1950
Keywords in Portuguese
Comunidades tradicionais caiçaras
Conflitos socioambientais
Praia de Castelhanos - Ilhabela/SP
Turismo e veraneio
Unidades de conservação
Abstract in Portuguese
O histórico de criação das áreas protegidas no Estado de São Paulo acompanhou o movimento mundial de preservação da biodiversidade stricto sensu, em lugares ocupados por povos e comunidades tradicionais, causando inúmeros conflitos decorrentes de diversas naturezas. Se por um lado a implantação dessas áreas tolheu o modo de vida desses habitantes, por outro lado imputou novos usos e funções aos recursos naturais tradicionalmente utilizados para a reprodução socioeconômica e cultural. Os territórios tradicionais estão inseridos em áreas de grande fragilidade natural e dotados de riqueza histórico-cultural extremamente cobiçada pelo turismo hegemônico. O Parque Estadual de Ilhabela, localizado no litoral norte de São Paulo, incorporou no perímetro da área protegida, e em sua Zona de Amortecimento, os territórios tradicionais. As vilas caiçaras do Canto da Lagoa e do Canto do Ribeirão formam as comunidades tradicionais caiçaras da Praia de Castelhanos (leste da Ilha), cenário de uma série de conflitos pela disputa de territórios entre a comunidade tradicional, a unidade de conservação, o mercado de terras, a gestão municipal e, nos últimos 15 anos, pelo turismo. A disputa está centrada nos investidores externos se apropriando de recursos e espaços de uso comum do caiçara e que passam a serem comercializados com vistas ao desenvolvimento de gestão exógena. Por meio da análise dos documentos, da observação participante e da pesquisa-ação, o presente estudo apresenta as questões relacionadas ao turismo praticado que beneficia a propriedade individual por meio do uso dos recursos naturais na Praia de Castelhanos, controverso aos objetivos da função social dos bens comuns, e que têm levado a descaracterização da paisagem cultural do local. Por fim, verifica a possibilidade de desenvolvimento de caráter endógeno, pautado na valorização do saber-fazer com o Turismo de Base Comunitária (TBC)
Title in English
Conflicts caused by tourism and residential tourism on traditional caiçara territory on the Castelhanos Beach after the 1950s
Keywords in English
Castelhanos Beach - Ilhabela/SP
Conservation units
Socio-environmental conflict
Tourism and residential tourism
Traditional caiçara communities
Abstract in English
The history of creation of protected areas in the State of São Paulo followed the global movement of biodiversity preservation stricto sensu, in places occupied by traditional populations, creating numerous conflicts of various kinds. If, on the one hand, implementing these areas has impaired these inhabitants lifestyle, on the other, it has attributed new usages and functions to the natural resources traditionally used for socio-economic and cultural reproduction. Traditional territories are inserted on areas of great natural fragility that are gifted with historical and cultural wealth, which are extremely coveted by the hegemonic tourism. The Ilhabela State Park, located in the northern coast of São Paulo, has incorporated within the protected area, and its surrounding areas, traditional territories. The caiçara villages Canto da Lagoa and Canto do Ribeirão compose the traditional caiçara communities in the Castelhanos Beach (east of the island), which are the scenario of a series of conflicts due to the dispute for territories among the traditional community, the conservation unit, the land market, the municipal administration and, in the last 15 years, by the tourism. The dispute is focused on the external investors taking on resources and places that were considered common goods by the caiçara people and that started to be marketed aiming at a development of external management. Through the analysis of documents, participant observation and action research, this study presents the issues related to the tourism exercised, which benefits individual property through the use of natural resources on the Castelhanos Beach and is opposed to the objectives of the social function of common goods, and which has led to the disfiguration of the local environments cultural landscape. Lastly, the study verifies the possibility of endogenous development, guided by the insertion of caiçara people along with the valuation of the traditional know-how through the Community-based Tourism
 
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Publishing Date
2019-01-22
 
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