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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.10.2005.tde-01112006-165743
Document
Author
Full name
Leonardo Pinto Brandão
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2005
Supervisor
Committee
Hagiwara, Mitika Kuribayashi (President)
Kogika, Marcia Mery
Lucas, Silvia Regina Ricci
Santoro, Marcelo Larami
Takahira, Regina Kiomi
Title in Portuguese
Envolvimento da resposta imune humoral no desenvolvimento da anemia e das alterações quantitativas e qualitativas das plaquetas na erliquiose canina experimental
Keywords in Portuguese
Bioquímica clínica
Ehrlichia canis
Hematologia animal
Plaquetas
Abstract in Portuguese
Com o objetivo de avaliar o envolvimento da resposta imune humoral no desenvolvimento da anemia e das alterações quantitativas e qualitativas das plaquetas na erliquiose canina, sete cães adultos, livres de infecção, foram inoculados com E. canis e acompanhados durante 10 semanas. Três cães permaneceram como controles. Os animais foram submetidos a exame físico diário e avaliação laboratorial (hemograma, contagem de plaquetas, mielograma, bioquímica sangüínea, fragilidade osmótica eritrocitária e teste de Coombs), reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR), pesquisa de anticorpos anti-E. canis, antiplaquetários e antimegacariocíticos (IFI), e teste da atividade de agregação plaquetária, em diferentes momentos durante o período de observação. Febre, esplenomegalia, linfadenomegalia, trombocitopenia, anemia não regenerativa, aumento das atividades séricas da ALT, AST e FA foram as principais alterações clínicas e de patologia clínica observadas, com pico máximo entre o 21º e 28º dias pós-infecção. Houve diminuição da capacidade de agregação plaquetária dos animais infectados (p<0,05) nos dias 14, 21, 28 e 35 pós-infecção e aumento do número das células megacariocíticas, principalmente seus precursores (megacarioblastos e pró-megacariócitos) no 14º dia pós-infecção. Não foram detectados anticorpos antiplaquetários ou antimegacariocíticos. O teste de Coombs, bem como a fragilidade osmótica eritrocitária, mantiveram-se inalterados, comprovando não ter ocorrido hemólise imunomediada. Conclui-se que a anemia desenvolvida durante a fase aguda da infecção experimental por E. canis, de característica eritroregenerativa, ainda que tardia, pelo menos nos animais estudados, não teve envolvimento de mecanismo imunológico direcionado contra as hemácias, e ainda, que a causa da trombocitopenia e da hipofunção plaquetária observada durante esta fase da doença não parece estar relacionada ao desenvolvimento de mecanismos imunológicos direcionados contra as plaquetas ou seus precursores.
Title in English
Involvement of humoral immune response on development of anemia and quantitative and qualitative platelets disorders in experimental canine ehrlichiosis
Keywords in English
Animal hematology
Clinical biochemistry
Ehrlichia canis
Platelets
Abstract in English
In order to determine the involvement of humoral and immune response on development of anemia and quantitative and qualitative platelets disorders in experimental canine ehrlichiosis, seven adult naïve dogs were inoculated with E. canis and followed during 10 weeks. Three dogs were remained as control. Daily clinical evaluation and laboratorial exams (hematological, platelet counts, bone marrow evaluation, biochemistry, erythrocyte osmotic fragility and Coombs? test) polymerase chain reaction assay (PCR), anti-E.canis, antiplatelet and antimegakaryocyte antibodies detection (IFA) and platelet aggregation studies were evaluated at different moments during all the experimental period. Fever, splenomegaly, lymphadenomegaly, thrombocytopenia, non-regenerative anemia and increase on liver?s enzymes serum activity (ALT, AST and ALP) were the main clinical and laboratorial findings observed, with the highest point between days 21 and 28 post-infection. The infected animals showed a decrease in platelet aggregation responses (p<0.05) on days 14, 21, 28 and 35 post-infection and increase of megakaryocytic cells, mainly its precursors (megakaryoblasts and promegakaryocytes) on day 14 post-infection. It weren?t detected any antiplatelet or antimegakaryocyte antibodies, as well as, there were no variations on erythrocyte osmotic fragility and Coombs? tests results, which confirms the absence of immune-mediated hemolysis. It is concluded that the anemia observed during the experimental acute phase of the E. canis infection, with regenerative pattern, even though late, at least in the studied animals, wasn?t related with immune mechanism against the red blood cells, and that, the thrombocytopenia and platelet dysfunction observed during this phase of the disease don?t seen to be related with immune mechanisms against platelets or its precursors.
 
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Publishing Date
2007-04-17
 
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