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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.10.2011.tde-01102012-155542
Document
Author
Full name
Luís Henrique Andreucci Conti
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Pirassununga, 2011
Supervisor
Committee
Santos, Marcos Veiga dos (President)
Porcionato, Marco Aurélio de Felício
Rennó, Francisco Palma
Title in Portuguese
Efeito do teor de proteína e fonte nitrogenada em dietas com cana-de-açúcar sobre frações protéicas do leite, balanço nitrogenado e parâmetros metabólicos sanguíneos de vacas lactantes
Keywords in Portuguese
Balanço nitrogenado
Fontes nitrogenadas
Frações nitrogenadas do leite
Proteína microbiana
Vacas leiteiras
Abstract in Portuguese
O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito do teor de proteína bruta (PB) e da fonte nitrogenada da dieta para vacas lactantes, utilizando cana-de-açúcar como volumoso sobre a síntese de proteína microbiana, composição da fração nitrogenada do leite, balanço nitrogenado e parâmetros metabólicos sangüíneos. Foram utilizadas 12 vacas Holandesas com média de 235 dias em lactação, agrupadas em três quadrados latinos contemporâneos 4x4, com período experimental de 21 dias, sendo 14 para adaptação as dietas e os 7 últimos para coletas. Os animais foram alimentados com rações isoenergéticas (1,29 Mcal/Kg de MS), com duas fontes nitrogenadas principais (farelo de soja e uréia) e dois teores de PB (14,5 e 16,0 %) na ração: A) 14,21% de PB e farelo de soja (FS) como fonte nitrogenada principal, com 65% de PDR, B) 15,57% de PB e FS, com 65% PDR, C) 14,23% de PB e Ureia, com 70% de PDR, D) 15,62% de PB e Uréia, com 70% PDR. Para a determinação da contagem de células somáticas e de nitrogênio ureico no leite (NUL) foram coletadas amostras de leite do 14º ao 18º dia de cada período. Para a determinação dos teores de proteína bruta, nitrogênio não protéico, nitrogênio não caseinoso, proteína verdadeira, caseína e proteína do soro do leite, foram coletadas amostras de leite do 18º ao 21º dia de cada período. Para a determinação da síntese de proteína microbiana foram coletadas amostras de leite e amostras spot de urina no 15º dia de cada período. A coleta de sangue foi realizada no 16º dia de cada período. Houve interação entre fonte nitrogenada e teor de PB da dieta sobre o NUL (mg/dL) e tendência de interação entre fonte nitrogenada e teor de PB da dieta sobre a excreção total de urina (L/dia) (P = 0,052) e proteína verdadeira do leite do leite (%) (P = 0,06). A excreção total de urina (L/dia), o NUL e a uréia no soro foram maiores para as dietas com 16% de PB, independentemente da fonte nitrogenada. As dietas com uréia como fonte nitrogenada principal apresentaram maior concentração de albumina sangüínea (g/L). Houve maior eficiência nitrogenada para as dietas com 14,5% de PB.
Title in English
Effect of crude protein content and nitrogen source with sugar cane diets on milk protein fraction, nitrogen balance and metabolic blood parameters of lactating dairy cows
Keywords in English
Dairy cows
Microbial protein synthesis
Nitrogen balance
Nitrogen sources
Production and milk composition
Abstract in English
The aim of this study was to evaluate effects of crude protein (CP) content and dietary nitrogen source for lactating cows using cane sugar as forage on microbial protein synthesis, composition of milk nitrogen fraction, nitrogen balance and blood parameters. Twelve Holstein cows (235 days in milk) were allocated in three Latin squares balanced 4x4, with a trial period of 21 days where 14 days were for diet adaptation and the last seven for sample collection. The animals receive isocaloric diets (1.29 Mcal / kg DM), with two major nitrogen sources (soybean meal and urea) and two crude protein levels (14.5 and 16.0%): A) 14.21% CP, soybean meal (SBM) as the main nitrogen source, with 65% PDR, B) 15.57% CP as SBM and 65% PDR, C) 14.23% CP and urea as the main nitrogen source, with 70% PDR, D) 15.62% CP as urea and 70% PDR. To determine the somatic cell count and milk urea nitrogen, milk samples were collected from day 14th to 18th of each period. To determine crude protein, non-protein nitrogen, non-casein nitrogen, true protein, casein and whey protein, milk samples were collected from day18th to 21st of each period. To determine microbial protein synthesis milk and spot urine samples were collected at day 15th of each period. Blood collection was performed on the 16th day of each period. There was interaction between nitrogen source and diet protein content on milk urea nitrogen (MUN), and interaction tendency on urine excretion (L/day) (P = 0.052) and milk true protein (%) (P =0.06). Total urine excretion (liters/day), MUN and urea in blood serum were higher for diets with 16% CP, regardless of nitrogen source. Diets with urea as main nitrogen source had higher concentration of blood albumin (g/L). There was higher nitrogen efficiency for diets with 14.5% CP.
 
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Publishing Date
2013-07-03
 
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