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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.10.2004.tde-05072007-140613
Document
Author
Full name
Hilda Fátima de Jesus Pena
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2004
Supervisor
Committee
Gennari, Solange Maria (President)
Machado, Rosangela Zacarias
Meireles, Marcelo Vasconcelos
Mineo, José Roberto
Soares, Rodrigo Martins
Title in Portuguese
Isolamento e caracterização biológica e genotípica de Toxoplasma gondii (Nicolle e Manceaux, 1909) de gatos do estado de São Paulo
Keywords in Portuguese
Toxoplasma gondii
Caracterização
Gatos
Genótipos
Isolados
Molecular
Abstract in Portuguese
O Toxoplasma gondii apresenta uma estrutura populacional clonal. A análise genotípica do locus SAG2 foi realizada para determinar a ocorrência de diferentes linhagens de T. gondii (tipos I, II e III) em gatos domésticos. Amostras de soro de 237 gatos de 15 municípios no estado de São Paulo foram testadas para pesquisa de anticorpos anti-T. gondii através do teste de aglutinação modificado (MAT). Anticorpos (MAT ≥ 25) foram encontrados em 84 (35,4%) dos 237 gatos. Com os tecidos (cérebro, coração, língua e musculatura esquelética) de 71 gatos positivos foram realizados bioensaios em camundongos (cinco camundongos por grupo) sendo obtidos 47 isolados. A análise de polimorfismo de comprimento dos fragmentos de DNA gerados por enzimas de restrição (RFLP) sobre produtos do locus SAG2 amplificados pela PCR revelou que 34 isolados (72,4%) eram do tipo I, 12 (25,5%) eram do tipo III e um (2,1%) apresentava infecção mista (tipo I e tipo III). Não houve isolado do tipo II. A maioria dos isolados do tipo I (23/34) causou o óbito de todos os camundongos infectados e a maioria dos isolados do tipo III (7/12) não levou ao óbito nenhum camundongo infectado. Foram encontrados cistos no cérebro dos camundongos infectados em todos os 47 isolados. A determinação genotípica também foi feita diretamente das amostras primárias dos gatos (homogeneizados de tecidos) usando a nested-PCR-RFLP. A caracterização do locus SAG2 foi bem sucedida em 80,4% (37/46) das amostras testadas. Os genótipos obtidos das amostras primárias foram idênticos aos dos isolados correspondentes. O genótipo misto foi confirmado pelo seqüenciamento direto de DNA dos produtos da PCR obtidos do isolado e da amostra primária do gato. Amostras dos cinco camundongos infectados com este isolado foram seqüenciadas. Três camundongos se infectaram com o genótipo tipo III, um com o genótipo tipo I e o outro com o genótipo misto, demonstrando que infecções mistas podem originar diferentes padrões de infecção em um hospedeiro.
Title in English
Isolation and biological and genotypic characterization of Toxoplasma gondii (Nicolle; Manceaux, 1909) from cats from São Paulo state, Brazil
Keywords in English
Toxoplasma gondii
Characterization
Gats
Genotypes
Isolates
Molecular
Abstract in English
Toxoplasma gondii has a clonal population structure. Genotypic analysis of the SAG2 locus was performed to determine the occurrence of the different lineages of T. gondii (types I, II and III) in domestic cats. Antibodies to T. gondii were determined in serum samples of 237 cats from 15 counties in São Paulo state, Brazil, by the modified agglutination test (MAT). Antibodies (MAT ≥ 25) were found in 84 (35.4%) of 237 cats. Tissues (brain, heart, tongue and skeletal muscle) of 71 of the positive cats were bioassayed in mice (five mice per group). Forty-seven isolates were obtained. Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) in PCR-amplified SAG2 products revealed that 34 isolates (72.4%) were type I, 12 (25.5%) were type III and one (2.1%) was mixed with type I and type III. There was no type II isolate. Most of the type I isolates (23/34) killed all infected mice and most of the type III isolates (7/12) killed no infected mice. Tissue cysts were found in mice infected with all 47 isolates. The genotype determination was also made directly from primary samples from cats (tissue homogenates) using nested-PCR-RFLP analysis. Characterization of the SAG2 locus was successful in 80.4% (37/46) of the samples tested. Genotypes obtained from primary samples were the same as those from the corresponding isolates. The mixed genotype was confirmed by direct DNA sequencing of PCR products from the isolate and from the cat primary sample and samples from the five mice infected with this isolate were sequenced. Three had type III genotype, one had type I, and one had type I + type III, demonstrating that mixed infections can originate different patterns of infection in a host.
 
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Publishing Date
2007-07-13
 
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