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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.10.2009.tde-15072009-164010
Document
Author
Full name
Aline de Mello Cruz
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Maiorka, Paulo César (President)
Felicio, Luciano Freitas
Ortiz, Sandra Regina Mota
Title in Portuguese
Modulação opioidérgica na seleção comportamental após o parto
Keywords in Portuguese
Abuso de drogas
Forrageamento
Morfina
Opióide
Substância cinzenta periaquedutal
Abstract in Portuguese
O tratamento com morfina ao final da prenhez, faz com que uma única dose dessa droga durante a lactação iniba o comportamento maternal e estimule a caça predatória. A intensidade dessa mudança comportamental depende da dose desafio de morfina utilizada. A exposição a drogas de abuso pode levar a um fenômeno denominado tolerância reversa, que consiste na exacerbação dos efeitos do tratamento agudo com um fármaco observada após a interrupção de um tratamento crônico. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar como os efeitos do pré-tratamento com morfina durante a gestação podem influenciar na seleção comportamental após o parto. Ratas foram expostas simultaneamente a filhotes e insetos, sendo observada a expressão dos comportamentos maternal e predatório. As ratas foram tratadas com injeções diárias de morfina (3,5 mg/Kg, s.c.) do 17º ao 21º dia de gestação, e desafiadas agudamente no 5o ou 6o dia de lactação com doses distintas de morfina (0,5, 1,0 e 1,5mg/Kg; grupos MM0,5, MM1,0 e MM1,5) ou salina (grupo MS). Grupos controle foram pré-tratados com salina e desafiados com morfina (0,5, 1,0 e 1,5mg/Kg; grupos SM0,5, SM1,0 e SM1,5) ou salina (grupo SS), respectivamente. Em seguida foram testadas no paradigma de escolha entre cuidar dos filhotes e caçar. Animais pré-tratados com morfina e desafiados com 1,0 mg/Kg tiveram parâmetros de comportamento maternal prejudicados e facilitação ao comportamento de caça de maneira significante, o que não foi observado nos animais desafiados com a dose de 0,5 mg/Kg. Animais desafiados com 1,5 mg/Kg de morfina tiveram prejuízo em relação ao comportamento maternal e facilitação do comportamento predatório tanto no grupo de fêmeas pré-tratadas com morfina, quanto com salina. Em ratas lactantes a exposição simultânea a filhotes e insetos permitiu revelar a existência de tolerância reversa à mudança comportamental induzida por estímulo opioidérgico.
Title in English
Opioidergic modulation of behavioral selection during lactation
Keywords in English
Drug abuse
Foraging
Morphine
Opioid
Periaqueductal gray
Abstract in English
Treatment of postpartum female rats with morphine inhibits maternal behavior. The same treatment also stimulates foraging in adult animals. Exposure to drugs of abuse may result in a progressive and enduring enhancement of their reinforcing effects. Puerperal treatment with morphine leads to reverse tolerance to this drug, ultimately influencing the effects of opiates on maternal behavior. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether abrupt withdrawal from repeated morphine treatment during late pregnancy may influence the effects of morphine on behavioral selection in lactating rats. Animals were exposed simultaneously to pups and insects, and the choice between taking care of the pups and hunting for insects was observed. Female Wistar rats were treated with morphine (3.5 mg/kg/day, subcutaneous [s.c.]) or saline for 5 days beginning on pregnancy day 17. On day 5 of lactation, animals were acutely challenged with morphine (0.5, 1.0, or 1.5 mg/kg, s.c.; MM0.5, MM1.0, and MM1.5 groups, respectively) or saline (MS group) and simultaneously tested for predatory hunting and maternal behavior. Control groups were pretreated with saline and challenged with morphine (SM0.5, SM1.0, and SM1.5 groups) or saline (SS group). Animals treated with morphine during late pregnancy and acutely challenged with 1.0 mg/kg morphine (MM1.0 group) exhibited significantly decreased maternal behavior and enhanced hunting. This effect was not evident for the 0.5 mg/kg dose. The 1.5 mg/kg morphine dose decreased maternal behavior and increased hunting in both the MM1.5 group and in animals acutely challenged with morphine after previous saline treatment (SM1.5 group). These results provide evidence of plasticity of the opioidergic role in behavioral selection during lactation.
 
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Publishing Date
2009-08-04
 
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