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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.10.2016.tde-14102015-143156
Document
Author
Full name
Yonara de Gouveia Cordeiro
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2015
Supervisor
Committee
Fukumasu, Heidge (President)
Cogliati, Bruno
Zuccari, Debora Aparecida Pires de Campos
Title in Portuguese
Cultivo primário de células oriundas de carcinomas mamários de cadelas e caracterização de possíveis populações de células iniciadoras de tumor
Keywords in Portuguese
Cães
Câncer de mama
Células iniciadoras de tumor
Oncologia comparada
Abstract in Portuguese
Em animais, a prevalência do câncer tem aumentado de forma significativa com o passar dos anos. As neoplasias mamárias representam o tipo mais frequente de câncer em cadelas, chegando a 52% da população de fêmeas, e entre os animais afetados, 50% das neoplasias se apresentam sob a forma maligna. O desenvolvimento e caracterização de modelos animais para o estudo de neoplasias humanas é de extrema relevância para a melhoria no diagnóstico e tratamento do câncer. Os tumores sólidos apresentam uma hierarquia entre as células que determina o desenvolvimento e o comportamento da neoplasia. Recentemente, tem-se estudado um pequeno grupo de células que apresentam diversas características das células-tronco normais encontradas nos tecidos. Estas células, denominadas Células Iniciadoras de Tumor (CITs), são descritas como sendo as principais responsáveis pelas falhas na quimioterapia e no aparecimento de recidivas tumorais, devido ao grande potencial de renovação e diferenciação que elas possuem. Desta maneira, nosso objetivo foi caracterizar linhagens celulares provenientes de neoplasia de glândula mamária de cadelas que pudessem ser utilizadas futuramente na pesquisa básica e aplicada em oncologia comparada. Além das alterações citogenéticas e imunocitoquímicas, verificamos que os cultivos celulares apresentaram quantidades distintas de populações positivas e negativas quanto à expressão de CD24 e CD44 bem como da atividade de aldeído-desidrogenase, porém, todos exibiram potencial tumorigênico in vitro através do ensaio de formação de tumoresferas
Title in English
Primary cell culture of canine mammary carcinoma and characterization of possible populations of Tumor Initiation Cells
Keywords in English
Canine
Comparative oncology
Mammary cancer
Tumor initiating cell
Abstract in English
The prevalence of cancer in animals has increased significantly over the years. Mammary tumors are the most common cancer in dogs, reaching 52% of female population, and among affected animals, 50% of tumors are presented in the malignant form. The development and characterization of animal models for the study of human cancers is extremely important for improving the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. Solid tumors have a hierarchy of cells that determines the development and behavior of cancer. Recently, there has been studied a small group of cells with different characteristics from those normal stem cells found in tissues. These cells, known as tumor initiating cells (TICs), are described as being primarily responsible for the failures in chemotherapy and the appearance of recurrences, because of their potential for renewal and differentiation. Thus, our objective was to characterize cell lines derived from mammary gland neoplasia of dogs that could be further used for basic and applied research in comparative oncology. In addition to the cytogenetic and immunocytochemical changes, we found that cell cultures had different amounts of positive and negative populations of CD24 and CD44 expression and aldehyde dehydrogenase activity, however, all exhibited tumorigenic potential in vitro through tumorspheres formation
 
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Publishing Date
2016-04-01
 
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