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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.10.2016.tde-13112015-105253
Document
Author
Full name
Aline Zancheti Ameni
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2015
Supervisor
Committee
Gorniak, Silvana Lima (President)
Gomes, Cristina de Oliveira Massoco Salles
Lopes, Patricia Santos
Spinosa, Helenice de Souza
Tasaka, Ana Cristina
Title in Portuguese
Estudo do extrato fluido de Casearia sylvestris: constituintes químicos, potencial terapêutico e interações medicamentosas
Keywords in Portuguese
Casearia sylvestris
Atividade anti-tumoral
Atividade anti-úlcera
Citocromo P450
Estresse oxidativo
Estudo fitoquímico
Abstract in Portuguese
A planta Casearia sylvestris é catalogada como planta medicinal de interesse ao SUS, indicada para o tratamento de gastrite e como cicatrizante, para ser utilizada na forma de infusão ou compressas. Assim, foi objetivo deste estudo avaliar o potencial terapêutico antiulcerogênico do extrato fluido (EF), extrato metanólico (EM) e fração diclorometano (FDM), pelo modelo de indução de úlcera por etanol-acidificado. Realizou-se também a análise fitoquímica objetivando identificar os compostos ativos presentes nos extratos, através de técnicas de cromatografia, espectrometria de massas e ressonância magnética nuclear. Os resultados obtidos mostraram que tanto o EF, quanto o EM e FDM foram eficazes na prevenção de úlceras gástricas. Além disso, foram avaliados os possíveis efeitos do EF no estresse oxidativo hepático e na indução ou inibição do complexo enzimático citocromo P450. Os resultados obtidos mostraram alteração apenas do ciclo-redox da glutationa com a razão GHS/GSSG diminuída nos animais tratados, sugerindo que deve ser ter cautela ao utilizá-lo concomitantemente a medicamentos pelo risco de interações medicamentosas. Adicionalmente, foi realizado um estudo preliminar do potencial antitumoral do EM e frações através de ensaio bioguiado de citoxicidade (ensaio sulforrodamina B), no qual foi observado pronunciada atividade citotóxica (IC50 ≤ 5µ/ml) em diferentes linhagens tumorais. A análise fitoquímica identificou flavonóides (quercetina, rutina, kaempferol) e terpenos (espatulenol, diterpeno clerodânico). Portanto, pode-se sugerir que os efeitos terapêuticos ocorrem da sinergia destes princípios ativos
Title in English
Study of fluid extract of Casearia sylvestris: chemical coumpounds, potential therapeutic and drug-interactions
Keywords in English
Casearia sylvestris
Antitumor activity
Antiulcer activity
Oxidative stress
P450 cytochrome
Phytochemical study
Abstract in English
The Casearia sylvestris plant is cataloged as a medicinal plant of interest to the Unified Health System in Brazil indicated for the treatment of gastritis and healing, to be used in the form of infusion or compresses. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the antiulcerogenic therapeutic potential of fluid extract (EF), methanol extract (EM) and dichloromethane fraction (FDM) on ethanol/HCl induced gastric model ulcer. The results obtained showed that EF, as EM and FDM, have been effective in preventing gastric ulcers. Also, a phytochemical analysis by chromatographic techniques, mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance was carried out to identify the active constituents present in the extracts. Moreover the possible effects of EF on hepatic oxidative stress and on induction or inhibition of cytochrome P450 enzime complex were evaluated. The results obtained showed only an alteration on the redox-cycle of glutathione with the GHS/GSSG ratio decreased in treated animals, suggesting caution in the use of EF concomitantly with other drugs as there might be a risk of drug interactions. In addition, a preliminary study was carried out to evaluate through bio-guided citotocixity assay (sulforhodamine B) the antitumor potential of the EM and fractions, in which pronounced cytotoxic activity was observed (IC50 ≤ 5µg/ml) in different tumor cell lines. Therefore, it can be suggested that the therapeutic effects occur in consequence of the synergy of these active ingredients
 
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Publishing Date
2016-03-22
 
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