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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.10.2010.tde-09082010-130919
Document
Author
Full name
Fernando Yutaka Moniwa Hosomi
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
Maiorka, Paulo César (President)
Bernardi, Fernanda
Sinhorini, Idércio Luiz
Title in Portuguese
Efeitos da deleção do gene para conexina 32 sobre aspectos pró e anti-inflamatórios no modelo de desmielinização tóxica do brometo de etídio
Keywords in Portuguese
Brometo de etídio
Camundongos
Conexinas
Encefalite
Abstract in Portuguese
As junções comunicantes são estruturas celulares que permitem o trânsito de moléculas entre as células, desempenhando funções de sinalização e transporte intercelular. São formadas por proteínas denominadas conexinas e representam estruturas-chave no funcionamento de tecidos altamente complexos e integrados, como o sistema nervoso central (SNC). O presente estudo avalia os efeitos da deleção da conexina 32 (Cx32) na inflamação e regeneração/cicatrização do SNC após 1, 3, 7, 10 e 20 dias pós-injeção intracerebral de brometo de etídio em camundongos deletados para Cx32 e camundongos normais. Para tanto, quantificou-se a expressão dos genes para fator de necrose tumoral alfa (TNFα), fator de crescimento transformador beta 1 (TGFβ), metaloproteinase 3 (MMP3), metaloproteinase 9 (MMP9) e inibidor tecidual de metaloproteinases 1 (TIMP1), através de PCR em tempo real. Os resultados indicam variáveis diferenças no padrão de expressão, incluindo variação na expressão de todos os genes pesquisados no período de 3 dias pós-injeção, ápice dos mecanismos de inflamação aguda. Estes resultados sugerem que a conexina 32 pode desempenhar funções importantes na sinalização molecular do processo inflamatório e regenerativo/cicatricial do sistema nervoso central.
Title in English
Effects of deletion of the connexin 32 gene on pro and antiinflammatories effects in the ethidium bromide toxic demyelination model
Keywords in English
Connexins
Encephalitis
Ethidium bromide
Mice
Abstract in English
Gap junctions are cellular structures that allow transit of molecules between cells, performing intercellular signaling and transportation. They are formed by proteins denominated connexins and represent key structures in highly complex and integrated tissues, such as the central nervous system (CNS). The present study evaluates the effects of connexin 32 (Cx32) deletion upon CNS inflammation and egeneration/cicatrization after 1, 3, 7, 10 and 20 days after intracerebral injection of ethidium bromide in Cx32 Knock Out and normal mice. To accomplish so, Real Time PCR gene expression quantification was performed uppon tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFβ), metalloproteinase 3 (MMP3), metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 1(TIMP1) genes. Results indicate variable differences in the expression pattern, including difference in expression of all evaluated genes in the 3 days after injection period, apex of the acute inflammation mechanisms. These results suggest that Cx32 may perform important functions on molecular inflammatory and regenerative/cicatrization signalling in the CNS.
 
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Publishing Date
2010-10-06
 
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