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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.10.2017.tde-11012017-160059
Document
Author
Full name
Raphael Marques de Almeida Rosa da Cruz
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Braga, Patricia Cristina Baleeiro Beltrao (President)
Freitas, Beatriz Camille Grigalis de
Pignatari, Graciela Conceição
Title in Portuguese
Diferenciação neuronal de células-tronco de dente decíduo esfoliado
Keywords in Portuguese
Célula-tronco
Neurônio
SHED
Terapia celular
Transdiferenciação
Abstract in Portuguese
As células-tronco (CT) são células que apresentam propriedades de auto-renovação, capazes de gerar diferentes tipos celulares e reconstituir diversos tipos de tecidos, por isso têm sido vistas como uma alternativa terapêutica para o tratamento de muitas doenças cujo tratamento convencional não é eficiente. Além disso, por sua plasticidade, as CT podem ser usadas para produzir modelos in vitro para o estudo de doenças, o que tem sido particularmente interessante para doenças que acometem o sistema nervoso. As células-tronco humanas de dente decíduo esfoliado (Stem cell from Human Esfoliated Deciduous teeth, SHED) são descritas em alguns trabalhos como capazes de se diferenciarem em células neuronais através da transdiferenciação direta, um processo simples que possibilita a diferenciação de um tipo celular em outro por meio da utilização de agentes químicos. No entanto, a diferenciação de SHED em neurônios é contestada como sendo um artefato de cultura devido ação citotóxica destes agentes. Com base nesta premissa, o objetivo deste trabalho foi realizar protocolos para a produção de neurônios a partir das SHED utilizando modificações de métodos descritos na literatura e utilizados na diferenciação neuronal. Durante um dos protocolos utilizados, foi possível verificar a morfologia de células semelhantes à neurônio, porém após alguns dias de manutenção, as células voltavam ao formato fusiforme original. Com este trabalho podemos afirmar que, de acordo com os resultados obtidos, as SHED não geram neurônios funcionais
Title in English
Stem cell from human expholiated deciduous teeth neuronal differentiation
Keywords in English
Cell therapy
Neuron
SHED
Stem cell
Transdifferentiation
Abstract in English
Stem cells (SC) are cells that present self-renewal properties, capable of generating cells types and reconstitute several tissue types. For this reason, they have been seen as a therapeutic alternative to the treatment of many diseases which conventional treatment is not efficient. Besides, because of its plasticity, SC may be used to produce in vitro models in order to study diseases, what is interesting to diseases that affect the nervous system. Human SC from SHED (Stem cell from Human Exfoliated Deciduous teeth, SHED) are described in some papers as being capable of self-differentiation in neuronal cells through the direct transdifferentiation, a simple process that makes possible the differentiation of a cell type in another through the use of chemical agents. Nevertheless, SHED differentiation is refuted as being a artifact of culture due to cytotoxic action of these agents. Based on this premise, the aim of this study was to carry out protocols in order to produce neurons from SHED, using modifications and methods of neuronal differentiation described in the literature and used in the neuronal differentiation. During one of the protocols used, it was possible to verify the morphology of the cells as neuron-like, however, after some days of maintenance, they turn back to their original fusiform format. In this study, we can state, according to the obtained results, that SHED do not generate functional neurons
 
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Publishing Date
2017-01-24
 
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