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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.9.2004.tde-26022015-160651
Document
Author
Full name
André José Araujo Gabriel
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2004
Supervisor
Committee
Stefani, Helio Alexandre (President)
Castro, Rosane Nora
Moreno, Paulo Roberto Hrihorowitsch
Singh, Anil Kumar
Valduga, Claudete Justina
Title in Portuguese
Estudos para a síntese do petrosinol e da amamistatina B
Keywords in Portuguese
Insumos farmacêuticos
Produtos naturais
Síntese orgânica
Abstract in Portuguese
Parte 1 - Estudos para a síntese do petrosinol O petrosinol é um produto natural obtido a partir de esponjas do gênero Petrosia sp. Trata-se de um poliacetileno que possui atividade anti-HIV. A síntese deste composto, ainda não descrita na literatura, mostrou-se difícil. No presente trabalho são descritas as rotas sintéticas testadas para a obtenção do petrosinol. Foram feitas abordagens, totalizando sete, que consistiram na síntese de sistemas dicarbonílicos α,β-insaturados, os quais se mostraram pouco reativos, que não permitiram a continuidade das rotas com esta abordagem, ou tentativas de construção de álcoois propargílicos, que neste caso, os intermediários de síntese se mostraram muito instáveis. A síntese do petrosinol necessita de mais estudos visando novas tentativas para se obter o sistema diol insaturado central presente na molécula, chave para a síntese total da mesma. Parte 2 - Estudos para a síntese da amamistatina B A amamistatina B faz parte do grupo de moléculas que são sideróforos, utilizadas por bactérias para o transporte de íons ferro. O estudo de sideróforos tem crescido muito nos últimos anos devido o interesse de se obter prófármacos que utilizem tais sideróforos como transportadores. No presente trabalho foram feitos estudos para obtenção de fragmentos úteis na síntese convergente da amamistatina B. Foram realizados estudos de obtenção de β-hidróxiácidos α,α-dissubstituidos usando-se como direcionadores quirais as oxazolidinonas. O uso de agentes oxidantes foi necessário na obtenção de nitronas, intermediários sintéticos úteis na obtenção de formamidas substuidas, e que podem ser usados na síntese da amamistatina B.
Title in English
Studies on the synthesis of petrosinol and of amamistatin B
Keywords in English
Natural products
Organic synthesis
Pharmaceutical inputs
Abstract in English
Part 1 - Studies on the synthesis of petrosinol - Petrosinol is a natural product isolated from the marine genus from sponge Petrosia sp. It is a poliacetylene which has citotoxic and anti-HIV activity. The synthesis of this compound is not described on literature yet and it is very difficult. This work describes synthetic routes which were tested to obtain petrosinol. There were made seven approaches to construct α,β-unsaturated dicarbonyl systems which showed little reactivity. It was not possible to continue the routes to use this approach to construct propargyllic alcohols because these are very unstable. The synthesis of the petrosinol needs some more studies aiming new attempts to obtain the central unsaturated diol system in the molecule, the key to the total synthesis of it. Part 2 - Studies on the synthesis of amamistatin B - Amamistatin B is part of the group of molecules called siderophores, used by bacteria for the transportation of iron. Studies on siderophores has grown a lot in the last years because of the interest on the obtention of prodrugs that use such sidrophores as transport. In the present work the main goal was the obtention of useful fragments for the convergent synthesis of amamistatin B. Studies for the obtention of α,α-disubstituted β-hidroxyacids were achieved using chiral directors such as oxazolidinones. The use of oxydizing agents for the obtention of nitrones, synthetic internmediates useful for the obtention of substituted formamides.
 
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Publishing Date
2015-02-26
 
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