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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.9.2012.tde-11062013-103353
Document
Author
Full name
Cristina Stewart Bittencourt Bogsan
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Oliveira, Marice Nogueira de (President)
Almeida, Sandro Rogerio de
Leblanc, Jean Guy Joseph
Mariano, Mario
Stephano, Marco Antonio
Title in Portuguese
Efeito do leite probiótico fermentado na resposta imune celular em cólon de camundongos BALB/c
Keywords in Portuguese
Alimentos funcionais
Bifidobactéria
Células B-1
Imuno modulação
Interação matriz-mucosa-probiotico
Leite fermentado
Abstract in Portuguese
O principal crescimento na indústria de alimentos funcionais corresponde ao dos produtos probióticos e prebióticos. A literatura mostra efeitos imunomoduladores de certas cepas probióticas, contudo, os resultados são às vezes controversos e os mecanismos implicados ainda são pouco elucidados. Sabe-se, no entanto que algumas cepas de probióticos aumentam significantemente a liberação de IL-10 e γ-INF modulando a resposta imune, além destas respostas serem de forma mais branda relacionada às bactérias Gram-positivas probióticas do que às Gram-positivas patogênicas. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo geral estudar o efeito do leite probiótico fermentado na resposta imune celular em cólon de camundongos BALB/c. Os objetivos específicos foram: (i) determinar o efeito imunomodulador do leite adicionado de probiótico em camundongos normais, (ii) identificar os tipos celulares implicados na resposta imune específica por citometria de fluxo e, (iii) colocalizá-los nos cortes histológicos. Simultaneamente, a análise e a comparação da resistência do probiótico à digestão gastrintestinal in vitro e a produção de metabólitos bioativos de acordo com os deferentes produtos foi realizada. Foram preparados leites nos quais as variáveis estudadas foram a tecnologia empregada para a produção das formulações (a) leite; (b) água, (c) leite não fermentado; (d) leite fermentado; (e) leite fermentado seguido de pasteurização, usando a mesma concentração da cepa comercial Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis HOWARU HN019. O leite desnatado e a água foram usados como controles.
Title in English
Effect of probiotic fermented milk in immune cellular response of BALB/c mice colon
Keywords in English
B-1 cell
Bifidobacterium
Fermented milk
Functional food
Immune modulation
Matrix-mucosa-probiotic interaction
Abstract in English
Functional food industry is in expansion mainly due to probiotic and prebiotic products. Studies have shown some probiotic strains develop immune modulation effect, however, these results are controversial and the mechanisms are not been well understood. Although, some probiotic strains increase IL-10 and γ-INF release modulating immune response, this response is weaker in probiotic strains when compared to pathogenic Gram-positive bacteria. The major aim of the present study was to assess the effect of probiotic fermented milk in cellular immune response of Balb/c mice colon. The specific objectives were: (i) to determine the immunomodulation of the milk added of probiotic in normal mice; (ii) to identify the cellular types implied in immune specific response and, (iii) to colocalize them in histological sections. Besides, the analyze and comparation of the probiotic resistance upon in vitro gastrointestinal and bioactive metabolites release in fermented or unfermented bifido milk using the same matrix, probiotic strain and probiotic dose in CFU. mL-1 were conducted. Dairy products were prepared in which variable form of technological appliance were: (i) milk, (ii) water, (iii) unfermented milk, (iv) fermented milk, and (v) fermented and heat treatment milk, all using Bifidobacterium subsp. lactis HOWARU HN019 strain in the same concentration. The skimmed milk and water were used as controls. The immune effects were evaluated by histological sections and the lymphocytic infiltrated was analyzed by flow citometry and histology.
 
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Publishing Date
2013-06-14
 
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