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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.9.2001.tde-19022015-084308
Document
Author
Full name
Anderson Demétrio Barata Soares
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2001
Supervisor
Committee
Lajolo, Franco Maria (President)
Buckeridge, Marcos Silveira
Cordenunsi, Beatriz Rosana
Mesquita, Carlos Henrique de
Nascimento, João Roberto Oliveira do
Title in Portuguese
Biossíntese de ácido L-ascórbico em plantas: estudo com supostos precursores
Keywords in Portuguese
Alimentos
Alimentos de origem vegetal (análise química)
Bioquímica de alimentos
Vitaminas (biossíntese)
Abstract in Portuguese
Poucos trabalhos foram publicados envolvendo a biossíntese do AA em plantas desde sua descoberta em 1928. O mecanismo de biossíntese era um mistério até 1998 quando Wheeler, Jones e Smirnoff demonstraram que a L-galactose é um precursor chave desta importante vitamina. Utilizando-se açúcares marcados e frios pudemos confirmar o mecanismo Smirnoff-Wheeler de biossíntese do AA. Neste trabalho nós apresentamos os resultados alcançados usando alguns supostos precursores e alguns frutos como o morango, a goiaba e o mamão papaya, e alguns legumes como o brócolis, alguns deles ricos em AA. As técnicas de HPLC e espectrofometria UVNIS foram utilizadas na determinação do AA. Os vegetais foram mantidos em soluções dos precursores frios por 24 horas e então analisados quanto ao teor de AA. Os resultados do uso de compostos marcados foi analisado utilizando-se a cintilografia líquida (LSC). Os açúcares extraídos do brócolis, do mamão papaya e da goiaba que foram infiltrados com D-[U-14C] manose, L-[1-14C] galactose e D-[U-14C] glucose-1-P mostraram diferentes padrões de distribuição entre os açúcares envolvidos no mecanismo Smirnoff-Wheeler de biossíntese do AA. Em folhas de goiabeira encontramos altos teores de ácido desidroascórbico e pequena quantidade de AA, diferentemente do conteúdo de AA nos frutos. Nossos resultados confirmaram que a L-galactono-1 ,4-lactona é um precursor bastante eficiente do AA em frutos e proveram algumas evidências do envolvimento da 0- manose no mecanismo de biossíntese do AA em plantas.
Title in English
Biosynthesis of L-ascorbic acid in plants: study with some precursors
Keywords in English
Biochemistry of food
Food
Vitamins (biosynthesis)
Abstract in English
Since the first isolation of the Ascorbic Acid (AA) in 1928, a few papers have been published leading with the determination the AA biosynthetic pathway in plants. This pathway was a mystery until recently when in 1998 Wheeler, Jones and Smirnoff demonstrated that L-galactose is a key precursor of this important vitamin. Using radiolabeled and non-radiolabeled sugars we were capable of giving support to the Smirnoff-Wheeler pathway of AA biosynthesis. In this work we present the results reached using some putative precursors and some fruits and vegetables as strawberry, guava, papaya and broccoli some of them very rich in AA. The techniques used for the AA analysis included UVNIS spectrophotometry and HPLC methods. The fruits and vegetables were maintained in the solution of the non-radiolabeled precursors for 24 hours and then analyzed for the AA content. The results of the use of radiolabeled precursors were analyzed using liquid scintillation (LSC). The sugars extracted from broccoli , papaya and guava, that were supplied with D-[U-14C] mannose, L-[1-14C] galactose and D-[U-14C] glucose-1-P dipotassium salt were analyzed using HPLC amperometric method and LSC showed different pattern of distribution between the sugars involved in the Smirnoff-Wheeler AA biosynthesis pathway. In guava leaves we found a high content of dehydroascorbic acid and low amount of AA, unlikely of the content of AA in the fruit. Our results confirmed that L -galactono-1 ,4-lactone is a very effective precursor of AA in fruits and provided some evidence of the involvement of D-mannose in AA biosynthesis in plants.
 
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Publishing Date
2015-02-19
 
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