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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.87.2014.tde-10122014-103341
Document
Author
Full name
Tanila Wood dos Santos
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2014
Supervisor
Committee
Bertoncini, Michelle Darrieux Sampaio (President)
Nascimento, Ivan Pereira
Tanizaki, Martha Massako
Title in Portuguese
Análise da resposta celular induzida no pulmão pela imunização de camundongos com vacinas pneumocócicas híbridas PspA-PLY.
Keywords in Portuguese
S. pneumoniae
Células T
Citocinas
Pneumococo
Pneumolisina
PspA
Abstract in Portuguese
Streptococcus pneumoniae é responsável por milhões de mortes anuais no mundo todo. As vacinas atuais são baseadas em polissacarídeos capsulares e apresentam cobertura limitada. Assim, diversas proteínas tem sido estudadas como alternativas vacinais, dentre as quais se destacam PspA e PLY. Os objetivos deste estudo foram caracterizar produção de anticorpos e a resposta celular induzida pela imunização com vacinas híbridas PspA-PLY em modelo de pneumonia. Os anticorpos apresentaram elevada capacidade de ligação a pneumococos expressando PspAs de família 2, bem como um aumento na deposição de complemento nestes isolados. A imunização com as proteínas híbridas protegeu os camundongos do desafio sistêmico com pneumococo contendo PspA de família 2. Foi desenvolvido um modelo de pneumonia lobar em camundongos, onde a imunização com PspA-PLY induziu um aumento de IL-6 e TNF nos pulmões após o desafio, levando a uma redução no número de bactérias nos pulmões dos animais. Os dados sugerem que a fusão de PspA à PLY é capaz de ampliar a cobertura protetora a isolados expressando PspAs distintas, e que essa mesma vacina á capaz de proteger os animais contra pneumonia, pela indução precoce de citocinas como IL-6 e TNF-a nos pulmões.
Title in English
Analysis of cellular response induced by immunization of mice with PspA-Ply anti-pneumococcal vacines.
Keywords in English
S. Pneumoniae
Cytokines
Pneumococcus
Pneumolysin
PspA
T cells
Abstract in English
Streptococcus pneumoniae is responsible for millions of deaths annually around the globe. The current vaccines are based on capsular polysaccharides, and have limited coverage. Thus, several proteins have been investigated as alternative vaccines, including PspA and PLY. The present study aimed at characterizing the antibody production and cellular immune response induced by mouse immunization with PspA-PLY hybrid vaccines in a pneumonia model. The induced antibodies demonstrated a strong recognition of pneumococci expressing family 2 PspA molecules, as well as an enhancement in complement deposition in their surface. Immunization with the fusion protein protected mice from systemic challenge with a pneumococcal isolate bearing a family 2 PspA. A model of lobar pneumonia was developed in BALB/c mice, where the immunization with the PspA-PLY fusion induced an increase in IL-6 and TNF-a production in the lungs after pneumococcal challenge, leading to a reduction on bacteria load in the lungs of immunized mice. The data suggests that fusion of PspA to PLY is capable of increasing vaccine coverage aginst pneumococcal infection with isolates bearing family 2 PspAs, and confer protection in mice against pneumonia, by the early production of IL-6 and TNF-a in the lungs.
 
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Publishing Date
2014-12-11
 
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