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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.85.2011.tde-01072011-131133
Document
Author
Full name
Anelise Ribeiro Peixoto Alencar
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2011
Supervisor
Committee
Ribeiro, Martha Simões (President)
Chavantes, Maria Cristina
Eduardo, Fernanda de Paula
Title in Portuguese
Tratamento da mucosite oral radio e quimioinduzida: comparação entre protocolo medicamentoso convencional e tratamentos com lasers em baixa intensidade
Keywords in Portuguese
laser
mucosite
neoplasias de cabeça e pescoço
radioterapia
Abstract in Portuguese
Neste estudo clínico verificaram-se os efeitos do laser em baixa intensidade na prevenção e tratamento da mucosite oral radio e/ou radioquimioinduzida. Foram selecionados 31 pacientes portadores de câncer em cabeça e pescoço a serem submetidos à radioterapia ou a radioterapia em associação a quimioterapia, os quais foram distribuídos aleatoriamente em três grupos: grupo 1 (controle) tratamento medicamentoso; grupo 2 tratamento medicamentoso e laserterapia diária, a partir do início da ulceração referente à mucosite grau 2 e grupo 3 tratamento medicamentoso e laserterapia diária a ser iniciada imediatamente antes do início da radioterapia. Os parâmetros de irradiação foram: comprimento de onda de 660nm, potência de 100mW, modo de operação contínuo, aplicação pontual, energia de 2J por ponto em 30 pontos pré-determinados, sendo o tempo utilizado de 20s por ponto. O grupo controle recebeu tratamento medicamentoso que consistia no uso de um conjunto de medidas preventivas e terapêuticas para abordagem dos efeitos adversos agudos radioinduzidos. Os resultados foram avaliados, quanto à ocorrência, graus e escore de dor associados à mucosite oral, perda de massa corpórea, uso de sonda nasogástrica, necessidade de internação e interrupção do tratamento oncológico decorrentes da mucosite oral. Os resultados indicam que o protocolo de aplicação do laser em sua forma preventiva é o mais efetivo na prevenção e tratamento da mucosite oral e que seu uso diário contribuiu para o alívio da sintomatologia dolorosa colaborando para melhora da qualidade de vida do paciente oncológico.
Title in English
Radio and chemioinduced oral mucositis treatment: comparison between conventional drug protocol and treatments with low intensity lasers
Keywords in English
head and neck cancer
laser
mucositis
radiotherapy
Abstract in English
In this clinical study verified the effects of low intensity laser in the prevention and treatment of oral mucositis radio and/or chemical induced. Thirty one patients with head and neck cancer were selected before being submitted to cancer exclusive radiotherapy or radio and associated chemotherapy. The patients were distributed into three randomly groups as follows: group 1- (control) conventional medicine treatment; group 2 conventional medicine treatment and daily lasertherapy as soon as grade two oral mucositis appeared; group 3 conventional medicine treatment and daily lasertherapy to be initiated immediately before radiotherapy sessions.The irradiation parameters were: wavelength of 660nm, potency of 100mW, continuous mode, punctual application, 2J energy on thirty pre-determined 30 points, with 20s of exposure per point. The control group received medical treatment which consisted in using a set of preventive and therapeutic approach for acute radiation-induced adverse effects. Results were evaluated observing occurrence and grade of oral mucositis, score of pain, loss of body mass, use of nasogastric sound line, internment and interruption of oncologic treatment due to oral mucositis. The results showed that the preventive protocol as used was the most effective in prevention and treatment of oral mucositis and that its daily application contributed in relieving the painful symptomatology so collaborating to maintain and/or bettering the life quality of oncologic patients.
 
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Publishing Date
2011-08-01
 
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