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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.82.2016.tde-12022016-154421
Document
Author
Full name
Fernando Alexandre Abrahão
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2002
Supervisor
Committee
Defino, Helton Luiz Aparecido (President)
Picado, Celso Hermínio Ferraz
Vialle, Luiz Roberto Gomes
Title in Portuguese
Estudo da influência da técnica de preparação dos pedículos vertebrais na resistência ao arrancamento dos implantes
Keywords in Portuguese
Coluna vertebral
Pedículo vertebral
Teste biomecânico
Abstract in Portuguese
Foi realizado estudo experimental, utilizando-se vértebra de suínos, para o estudo da influência da técnica de perfuração do pedículo vertebral na resistência ao arrancamento dos implantes. A técnica de perfuração com broca seguida de macheamento do canal pedicular (técnica 1) foi individualmente comparada com as demais: perfuração com broca sem macheamento do canal pedicular (técnica 2), perfuração com fio de Kirschner com macheamento do canal pedicular (técnica 3), perfuração com sonda sem macheamento do canal pedicular (técnica 4). Três grupos experimentais foram utilizados de acordo com a preparação do orifício. O grupo I comparou a técnica 1 com a técnica 2, no qual foi estudado a influência do macheamento no canal do pedículo. O grupo II comparou a técnica 1 com a técnica 3, no qual foi estudado a influência no modo de preparo do orifício utilizando fio de Kirschner. O grupo III comparou a técnica 1 com a técnica 4, no qual foi estudado a influência da utilização da sonda no preparo do orifício. O resultados da comparação da técnica. de perfuração do orifício de acordo com os parâmetros estudados (carga máxima de arrancamento, rigidez, carga no limite de proporcionalidade, deslocamento máximo e deslocamento no limite de proporcionalidade), mostraram que não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre as diferentes técnicas utilizadas para o preparo dos orifícios do pedículo vertebral na resistência ao arrancamento dos implantes.
Title in English
not available
Keywords in English
Biomechanical testing
Spine
Vertebral pedicle
Abstract in English
An experimental study was conducted on swme vertebrae to investigate the effect of the technique of vertebral pedicle perforation on the pullout resistance of the implants. The technique of perforation with a burr followed by tapping of the pedicular canal (technique 1) was individually compared to the remaining ones, i.e., perforation with a burr without tapping of the pedicular canal (technique 2), perforation with a Kirschner wire with tapping of the pedicular canal (technique 3), and perforation with a probe without tapping of the pedicular canal (technique 4). Three experimental groups were used according to orifice preparation. Group I was used to compare technique 1 to technique 2, with a study of the effect of tapping on the pedicular canal. Group II was used to compare technique 1 with technique 3, with a study of the effect of mode of orifice preparation using a Kirschner wire. Group III was used to compare technique 1 to technique 4, with a study of the effect of the use of a probe for orifice preparation. Comparison of the techniques of orifice preparation according to the parameters studied (maximum pullout load, stiffness, load in the proportionality limit, maximum dislocation, and dislocation in the proportionality limit) showed no statistically significant difference between the various techniques used for preparation of the orifices of the vertebral pedicle, in terms of their effect on the pullout resistance of the implants.
 
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Publishing Date
2016-02-15
 
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