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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.75.2015.tde-22052015-092217
Document
Author
Full name
Max Jorge Carlos Salazar
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2015
Supervisor
Committee
Plepis, Ana Maria de Guzzi (President)
Oliveira, Caue Ribeiro de
Tiera, Márcio José
Title in Portuguese
Desenvolvimento de nanopartículas de quitosana-gelatina e quitosana-colágeno visando a liberação de fármacos
Keywords in Portuguese
colágeno
gelatina
liberação de fármacos
nanopartículas
Quitosana
Abstract in Portuguese
As nanopartículas poliméricas apresentam grande potencial como nanotransportadores de fármacos, o que torna o estudo de novas composições essencial para seu desenvolvimento. No presente trabalho foram preparadas nanopartículas poliméricas, usando biopolímeros como a quitosana, o colágeno e a gelatina. A metodologia de preparação foi baseada na reticulação iônica da quitosana com tripolifosfato de sódio. Com a finalidade de obter nanopartículas de menores tamanhos foi usada quitosana de baixa massa molar, polímero obtido pela metodologia da degradação oxidativa. A quitina foi extraída do gladio de lula (Loligo sp) que posteriormente foi desacetilada e despolimerizada, obtendo quitosana de 50,4 kDa de massa molar e 81,04 % de grau de desacetilação. As nanopartículas obtidas foram caracterizadas pelas técnicas FTIR, MEV, DLS e potencial Zeta. Foram obtidas nanopartículas das misturas quitosana/gelatina/tripolifosfato com tamanhos de até 236,9 ± 1,6 nm e índice de polidispersividade de 0,13 ± 0,02. Também foram obtidas nanopartículas dequitosana/colágeno/tripolifosfato com tamanhos de até
251,9 ± 2,9 nm e índice de polidispersividade de 0,20 ± 0,02. Foi encontrado aumento do tamanho das nanopartículas quando é aumentado a quantidade de proteína na nanopartícula. Também foi avaliado o potencial das nanopartículas como nanotransportadores mediante a incorporação de uma molécula de prova como o ácido pícrico, composto escolhido pelo baixo valor da constante de dissociação ácida, que facilitaria a incorporação devido a uma possível interação com a quitosana. Foi encontrada uma quantidade incorporada de 7,39 ± 0,13 % e 6,44 ± 0,23% para nanopartículas de quitosana/gelatina/tripolifosfato e quitosana/colágeno/tripolifosfato, respectivamente. Os estudos de liberação mostraram que a saída do ácido pícrico é rápida quando são usadas nanopartículas preparadas com gelatina comparando-se com partículas com colágeno que originam uma liberação mais lenta do ácido pícrico. Estudos da cinética de liberação usando modelos matemáticos revelaram que as curvas de liberação seguem o mecanismo de difusão.
Title in English
Development of chitosan-gelatin and chitosan-collagen nanoparticles aiming at drug release
Keywords in English
Chitosan
collagen
drug delivery
gelatin
nanoparticles
Abstract in English
Polymeric nanoparticles present big potential as drug nanocarrier, therefore the study of new compositions is essential for their development. In this study was prepared polymeric nanoparticles using biopolymers such as chitosan, collagen and gelatin. The preparation methodologies were based on the ionic reticulation of chitosan with sodium tripolyphosphate. In order to obtain small size nanoparticles it was used chitosan of low molecular weight; this polymer was obtained by oxidative depolymerization. Chitin was extracted from squid pens (Loligo sp) and subsequently it was deacetylated and depolymerized, getting a chitosan with 50.4 kDa of molecular weight and 81.04 % of deacetylation degree. The nanoparticles were characterized by FTIR, SEM, DLS and Z potential. From the chitosan/gelatin/tripolyphosphate mixtures it was obtained nanoparticles with size up to 236.9 ± 1.6 nm and 0.13 ± 0.02 of polydispersity index. Also, were obtained nanoparticles of chitosan/collagen/tripolyphosphate with size up to 251.9 ± 2.9 nm and 0.20 ± 0.02 of polydispersity index. Was foundan increase in nanoparticles size when increasing the protein quantity in the nanoparticle. The potential of nanoparticles as nanocarrier was evaluated with one test molecule, the picric acid. This compound was selected for the low value of acid dissociation constant facilitating the incorporation due to a possible interaction with chitosan. The content loading was of 7.39 ± 0.13 % and 6.44 ± 0.23% for chitosan/gelatin/tripolyphosphate nanoparticles and chitosan/collagen/tripolyphosphate nanoparticles respectively. The release studies showed that the picric acid delivery is quick when nanoparticles prepared with gelatin were used. The nanoparticles prepared with collagen originate backwardness in the picric acid delivery. Release kinetic studies using mathematic models showed that the release curve have a diffusion mechanism.
 
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Publishing Date
2015-05-22
 
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