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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.75.2000.tde-18092001-165107
Document
Author
Full name
Anelise Maria Regiani
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2000
Supervisor
Committee
Pawlicka, Agnieszka Joanna (President)
Gomes, Ailton de Souza
Gonzalez, Jose Pedro Donoso
Souza, Ernesto Chaves Pereira de
Torresi, Roberto Manuel
Title in Portuguese
Eletrólitos sólidos poliméricos à base de polissacarídeos: síntese e caracterização.
Keywords in Portuguese
eletrólitos sólidos poliméricos
HEC
HPC
isocianato
Abstract in Portuguese
A síntese e a caracterização de um novo tipo de eletrólito sólido polimérico são descritas neste trabalho. Os materiais preparados consistiram de filmes de hidroxietil celulose ou hidroxipropil celulose entrecruzadas com diisocianatos de poli(óxido de etileno) e poli(óxido de propileno) ou enxertadas com monoisocianato de poli(óxido de propileno). Todos estes isocianatos foram sintetizados a partir das respectivas aminas comerciais. Filmes de hidroxietil celulose entrecruzada com hexametileno diisocianato ou enxertados com fenil isocianato também foram estudados. Como técnicas de caracterização foram utilizadas espectroscopia no infravermelho, no ultravioleta e de ressonância magnética nuclear, análises térmicas e difração de raios-X. Os filmes dopados com LiClO4 foram caracterizados utilizando-se as mesmas técnicas e a condutividade foi determinada através do método de impedância complexa. Os resultados foram da ordem de 10-5 Scm-1 a 60oC. Este valor permitiu concluir que as cadeias de derivado de celulose parecem não influenciar no fenômeno de condução; aparentemente este encontra-se mais relacionado ao tipo de isocianato utilizado na formação do filme. Os resultados de condutividade e de mobilidade de cadeia polimérica indicam que os sistemas aqui estudados podem ser aplicados como eletrólitos sólidos poliméricos. Os filmes com isocianatos comerciais, no entanto não apresentaram resultado de condução interessante.
Title in English
Solid polymer electrolytes based on polysacharide: synthesis and characterization.
Keywords in English
isocyanate
solid polymer electrolytes
Abstract in English
The synthesis and characterization of new types of solid polymer electrolytes based on hydroxyethyl and hydroxypropyl cellulose grafted with different polyethers were investigated. The synthesis is based on the reaction between the cellulose derivative and mono and difunctional isocyanates prepared from amines of polyethylene oxide and polypropylene oxide. It were also synthesized films of hydroxyethyl cellulose grafted with hexamethylene diisocyanate and phenylisocyanate. These materials were characterized through techniques of infrared, ultraviolet and nuclear magnetic ressonance spectroscopies, thermal analysis and X-ray diffraction. The films of polysaccharide and polyether that contained LiClO4 showed conductivity values of the order of 10-5 Scm-1 at 60oC. The value of this parameter seems to be independent of the cellulose derivative parameters and it is better related to the type of isocyanate grafted on the polysaccharide chain. The conductivity and chain mobility results show that the systems studied here can be applied as solid polymer electrolytes. The materials synthesized using commercial isocyanates as grafting reactant did not show interesting conductivity response.
 
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TeseFinal.pdf (907.95 Kbytes)
Publishing Date
2001-12-05
 
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