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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.60.2009.tde-01092009-094026
Document
Author
Full name
Bruno Nunes do Vale
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Oliveira, Ana Maria de (President)
Moraes, Leonardo Resstel Barbosa
Souza, Gloria Emilia Petto de
Title in Portuguese
Consequências dos tratamentos realizados com celecoxibe, -tocoferol ou losartan sobre a reatividade em carótidas de ratos submetidos à lesão com cateter balão
Keywords in Portuguese
alfa-tocoferol
angiotensina II
carótida
cateter balão
celecoxibe
fenilefrina
losartan
reatividade vascular
Abstract in Portuguese
A lesão por balão cateterismo é um procedimento comumente utilizado para o estudo dos mecanismos de restenose. O estresse mecânico produzido pela passagem do balão promove alterações tanto na artéria lesada quanto na artéria contra-lateral. Observou-se um aumento da densidade de neurônios que contêm neuropeptídeos como a Substância P (SP) e o Peptídeo Relacionado com o Gene da Calcitonina (CGRP) na artéria contra-lateral à lesão, o que evidencia a ocorrência de um processo neurocompensatório. Observou-se ainda um aumento da reatividade desta artéria à fenilefrina (Phe) e à angiotensina II (Ang II) após 4 e 15 dias da lesão, respectivamente. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi estudar as conseqüências dos tratamentos com celecoxibe (inibidor seletivo da enzima COX-2), -tocoferol (Vitamina E, antioxidante natural) e losartan (antagonista dos receptores AT1), sobre a reatividade à Phe, Cloreto de Potássio (KCl), Acetilcolina (ACh), Ang II de artérias ipsilaterais e contra-laterais em relação a artérias controles. Em animais tratados com celecoxibe (10 mg/Kg - 2 vezes ao dia) ou -tocoferol (400 mg/Kg/dia) por 7 dias. Os resultados mostram que os dois tratamentos normalizam os valores de efeito máximo (Emax) da Phe nas artérias contra-laterais com endotélio aos níveis de artérias controle. Em animais tratados com celecoxibe, a artéria ipsilateral não respondeu à Phe, enquanto no tratamento com -tocoferol mostrou valores de Emax reduzidos em relação a animais controle. Os valores de Emax da ACh em artérias de animais controle e tratados com celecoxibe ou -tocoferol, são idênticos. Entretanto, ambos os tratamentos promoveram redução na potência da ACh em artérias controle quando comparadas com as de animais não tratados. A potência da ACh na artéria contra-lateral foi semelhante ao controle em todos os tratamentos. O Emax da Ang II estava aumentado na artéria contra-lateral à lesão. O tratamento com losartan (15 mg/Kg/dia) por 18 dias promoveu redução neste parâmetro na artéria contra-lateral aos níveis do controle. A potência da Ang II em artérias contra-laterais de animais tratados com losartan é igual ao da artéria de animais controle. Nos animais controles tratados com losartan a potência desse peptídeo foi menor do que controle e contra-lateral sem tratamento e contra-lateral tratada. Na artéria contra-lateral o Emax do KCL estava diminuído em relação ao controle e o tratamento com losartan não modificou este parâmetro. O Emax da ACh em artérias controle e contra-laterais não foi alterado pelo tratamento com losartan, entretanto houve aumento da potência deste agonista em artérias controles e contra-laterais em relação a artérias de animais controles. Os resultados obtidos no presente estudo indicam que a produção de espécies reativas de oxigênio, prostanóides vasocontritores e Ang II levam a alterações na reatividade aos agonistas estudados na artéria contra-lateral à lesão por cateter balão.
Title in English
Consequences of the treatments performed with celecoxib, -tocopherol or losartan on the carotid of reactivity in rats subjected to injury with balloon catheter.
Keywords in English
-tocopherol
angiotensin II
balloon catheter
carotid
celecoxib
losartan.
phenylephrine
vascular reactivity
Abstract in English
The injury by balloon catheter is a procedure commonly used to study the mechanisms of restenosis. The mechanical stress produced by the passage of the balloon promotes changes both in the injured artery in the contralateral artery. There was an increased density of neurons containing neuropeptides such as substance P (SP) and the Gene Related Peptide of Calcitonin (CGRP) in the contralateral artery to the lesion, which shows the occurrence of a process neurocompensatory. There was also an increase in the artery reactivity to phenylephrine (Phe) and angiotensin II (Ang II) after 4 and 15 days of injury, respectively. There was also an increase in the artery reactivity to Phe and Ang II after 4 and 15 days of injury, respectively. The objective of this work was to study the consequences of treatment with celecoxib (selective inhibitor of COX-2), -tocopherol (vitamin E, natural antioxidant) and losartan (AT1 receptor antagonist) on the reactivity to Phe, chloride Potassium (KCl), acetylcholine (ACh), Ang II in arteries ipsilateral and contralateral side for control arteries. In animals treated with celecoxib (10 mg / kg - 2 times daily) or -tocopherol (400 mg / kg / day) for 7 days. The results show that both treatments normalize the values of maximum effect (Emax) of Phe in the contralateral arteries with endothelium to the levels of control arteries. In animals treated with celecoxib, the ipsilateral artery did not respond to Phe, whereas the treatment with -tocopherol showed reduced values of Emax for the control animals. The values of Emax of ACh in arteries from control animals and treated with celecoxib or -tocopherol, are identical. However, both treatments promoted reduction in the potency of ACh in control arteries when compared with untreated animals. The potency of ACh in the contralateral artery was similar to control in all treatments. The Emax of Ang II was increased in the contra-lateral artery to the lesion. Treatment with losartan (15 mg / kg / day) for 18 days promoted reduction in this parameter in the contra-lateral artery levels of control. The potency of Ang II in contralateral arteries of animals treated with losartan is equal to the artery of control animals. In control animals treated with losartan the potency of this peptide was lower than control and contra-lateral untreated and control-treated side. Contralateral artery in the Emax of KCL was decreased in the control and treatment with losartan did not modify this parameter. The Emax of ACh in control arteries and contralateral side was not changed by treatment with losartan, however increased the power of this agonist in control arteries and contralateral side on arteries of control animals. The results of this study indicate that the production of reactive oxygen species and vasoconstrictors prostanoids Ang II lead to changes in reactivity to agonists studied in the contra-lateral to the artery by balloon catheter injury.
 
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Dissertacao.pdf (2.18 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2009-10-22
 
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