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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.60.2008.tde-31032009-132918
Document
Author
Full name
Bianca Rodrigues de Oliveira
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2008
Supervisor
Committee
Rocha Filho, Pedro Alves da (President)
Guiguer, Elen Landgraf
Marchetti, Juliana Maldonado
Title in Portuguese
Desenvolvimento e avaliação de nanoemulsões com óleos de Carapa guianensis e Copaifera sp. e estudo da ação repelente frente a Aedes aegypti.
Keywords in Portuguese
Aedes aegypti
Carapa guianensis
Copaifera sp.
deet
inversão de fases
nanoemulsão
óleo de andiroba
óleo de copaíba
repelente
Abstract in Portuguese
As doenças transmitidas por mosquitos representam uma das maiores causas de morbidade e mortalidade em todo o mundo, principalmente em países tropicais. O uso tópico de repelentes em determinadas situações torna-se a única alternativa para evitar o ataque por estes artrópodes. Os óleos de andiroba (Carapa guianensis) e copaíba (Copaifera sp.) possuem relatos de atividade repelente de insetos, podendo representar uma alternativa segura ao uso de repelentes sintéticos que apresentam riscos de toxidade em determinados casos. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi desenvolver nanoemulsões O/A, utilizando como fase oleosa os óleos de copaíba e andiroba, e testar in vivo a atividade repelente das mesmas frente ao mosquito Aedes aegypti, realizando um estudo comparativo com repelente comercial a base de DEET. Ensaios para avaliar os parâmetros físico-quimicos envolvidos no processo de obtenção das nanoemulsões, e estudos de sua estabilidade preliminar, também foram realizados. Os resultados apontam a viabilidade do método de emulsificação utilizando baixa energia na formação de nanoemulsões. A temperatura, velocidade de agitação, ordem de adição dos componentes e quantidade de tensoativo na formulação, demonstraram ser fatores críticos no processo. Foi possível obter três nanoemulsões estáveis com tamanho de glóbulos inferior a 300nm, sendo uma com 15% de óleo de andiroba; outra contendo 10% de óleo de copaíba e a terceira associando 10% de andiroba e 5% de copaíba. No ensaio repelente utilizando voluntários humanos, foi constatado que as nanoemulsões compostas de óleo de andiroba e óleo de andiroba adicionado de óleo de copaíba são capazes de repelir mosquitos Aedes aegypti por um período de 30 minutos, sendo estes resultados estatisticamente significativos em relação ao grupo controle.
Title in English
Development and evaluation of nanoemulsions with Carapa guianensis and Copaifera sp. oil, and evaluation of repellency against Aedes aegypti
Keywords in English
Aedes aegypti
andiroba seed oil
Carapa guianensis
copaíba oil
Copaifera sp.
deet
nanoemulsion
phase inversion
repellents
Abstract in English
Mosquito-borne diseases remain a major source of illness and death worldwide, particularly in tropical countries. Mosquito repellents may be one of the most effective tools for protecting humans from vector-borne diseases. In many circumstances, applying repellent to the skin may be the only feasible way to protect against insect bites. The oils from andiroba (Carapa guianensis seed oil) and copaíba (Copaifera oil) have been studied as possible mosquito repellents. These products can be represents a safe alternative in the use of synthetic repellent, that have toxic risks in some cases. The goals of this research were to development O/A nanoemulsion using andiroba seed oil and copaíba oil and test their repellent action in vivo against bites Aedes aegypti. This study compares the repel effectiveness of nanoemulsions developed in relation to the market product of DEET. Assays to evaluate the parameters involved physicist-chemistries in the process of attainment of the nanoemulsions, and studies of its preliminary stability, had been also carried through. The results showed viability of the emulsification method using low energy in the formation of nanoemulsions. The temperature, speed of agitation, order of addition of the components and amount of surfactant in the formulation, had demonstrated to be critical factors in the process. In this study, it was possible get three stable nanoemulsion with droplets size less than 300nm, using: 15% andiroba seed oil; 10% copaiba oil and mix of andiroba seed oil (10%) and copaíba oil (5%). The repellent test with human voluntaries proves that nanoemulsions with andiroba seed oil, and the mix of andiroba seed oil and copaiba oil, are able to repel Aedes aegypti for 30 minutes period, witch are statistic signification compared to the control group.
 
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Dissertacao.pdf (1.19 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2009-04-14
 
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