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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.59.2017.tde-21072017-104907
Document
Author
Full name
Alvaro Hideki Odasaki
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2017
Supervisor
Committee
Furlan, Reinaldo (President)
Barreira, Cristiano Roque Antunes
Peres, Sávio Passafaro
Title in Portuguese
Antropologia e psicanálise existencial na obra sartreana
Keywords in Portuguese
Antropologia
Psicanálise existencial
Sartre.
Abstract in Portuguese
O objetivo do presente trabalho é expor a Psicanálise existencial, descrita em O Ser e o Nada (1943/2008), como fio condutor entre a dimensão individual e coletiva na obra sartreana. Especificamente, tentar interpretar o método de compreensão da ontologia fenomenológica como tentativa primordial de formular a purificação do campo antropológico. Em outras palavras, mostrar que a subjetividade não pode ser enquadrada partindo dos pressupostos da ciência tradicional, que reifica o processo existencial. A fim de alcançar esse objetivo, nossa exposição é divida em duas partes: (1) elucidação das premissas da Psicanálise existencial e (2) interpretar a obra Questão de método (1957/1966) a partir dos resultados adquiridos em (1). Portanto, primeiramente expomos o sujeito como projeção existencial para, então, demonstrar que a dinâmica social está intimamente articulada com essa estrutura subjetiva. Isso significa que, em alguma medida não existe separação ontológica entre a dimensão individual e a coletiva. Nesse sentido, salientamos como, segundo Sartre, o existencialismo pode auxiliar as pretensões marxistas. Nesta investigação, pode-se perceber que, apesar da inflexão presente na trajetória intelectual sartreana, a tentativa de humanizar os meios pelos quais se investiga as ações humanas esteve sempre presente nos escritos de Sartre. É nesse sentido que propomos a articulação entre Psicanálise existencial e o método de compreensão do campo antropológico.
Title in English
Anthropology and Existential Psychoanalysis in the Sartrean oeuvre.
Keywords in English
Anthropology
Existential Psychoanalysis
Sartre
Abstract in English
The aim of the present work is to expose existential psychoanalysis, which is described in Being and Nothingness (1943/2008), as being the guiding thread between the individual and the collective dimensions in the Sartrean oeuvre. Specifically, we try to interpret the comprehension method of phenomenological ontology as a primordial attempt to formulate the "purification" of the anthropological field. In other words, to show that subjectivity can not be framed within the assumptions of traditional science, thus reifying the existential process. In order to do so, our exposition is divided into two parts: (1) the elucidation of the premises of existential psychoanalysis and (2) the interpreting of the work Search for a Method (1957/1966) in light of the results acquired in (1). Therefore, we first expose the subject as an existential projection to then proceed to demonstrate that social dynamics is intimately articulated with this subjective structure. This means that, to some extent, there is no ontological separation between the individual and collective dimensions. In this sense, we underline how, according to Sartre, existentialism can aid in Marxist pretensions. In this research, it is possible to see that, despite the inflection present in Sartre's intellectual trajectory, the attempt to "humanize" the means by which human actions are investigated was always present in his writings. It is in this sense that we propose the articulation between existential psychoanalysis and the comprehension method of the anthropological field.
 
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Publishing Date
2017-10-05
 
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