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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2018.tde-12062018-121009
Document
Author
Full name
Thalita Sousa de Paula
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Greve, Julia Maria D Andrea (President)
Alonso, Angelica Castilho
Brech, Guilherme Carlos
Title in Portuguese
Resposta pós-exercício vista na ressonância nuclear magnética do músculo quadriceps em mulheres pós-menopáusicas com ou sem osteoporose
Keywords in Portuguese
Fadiga muscular
Imagem por ressonância magnética
Osteoporose
Pós-Menopausa
Sarcopenia
Abstract in Portuguese
A menopausa é o final da vida reprodutiva da mulher e pode ter como consequência a perda da massa óssea e desenvolvimento da osteoporose. A sarcopenia decorrente do processo de envelhecimento acarreta na diminuição de massa e força muscular, déficit de desempenho e maior risco de quedas e fraturas. A Ressonância Nuclear Magnética (RNM) é uma ferramenta não invasiva e eficaz para a avaliação quantitativa e da dinâmica metabólica do músculo esquelético. Por meio do mapa T2 é possível captar as alterações musculares agudas causadas pela atividade física. A intensificação do sinal T2 é causada pelo movimento osmótico da água intramuscular, aumento da acidose e do volume do espaço intracelular. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi avaliar a influência da densidade mineral óssea no metabolismo muscular de mulheres pós-menopáusicas. Foram avaliadas 16 pacientes do sexo feminino, no período pós-menopausa há mais de 12 meses, com média de idade de 63 anos, divididas em Grupo-Osteoporose (GO=9) e Grupo Controle (CG=7). Todas foram submetidas ao exame de Ressonância Nuclear Magnética da região da coxa (RNM1) e em seguida fizeram uma dinamometria isocinética na velocidade de 180 graus/segundo (duas séries de 10 contrações voluntárias máximas) e exercícios específicos para ativação do músculo quadríceps (agachamento e "step"), e após os exercícios, fizeram a RNM2. Os resultados mostraram aumento do mapa T2, caracterizado pelo maior tempo de relaxamento nos dois grupos avaliados, sem diferença entre eles. Não se observou correlação significativa dos resultados da RNM2 com os parâmetros de força (pico de torque corrigido pela massa corporal) e potência (trabalho total das 10 repetições da segunda série) e com a dosagem de vitamina D. Também não houve correlação entre a dinamometria isocinética e dosagem de vitamina D. A osteoporose não afeta a resposta muscular do quadríceps ao exercício, avaliada pelo mapa T2 da ressonância nuclear magnética. A metodologia é robusta e eficiente, mostrando que a RM é um método sensível para medir mudanças metabólicas no músculo após o exercício
Title in English
Evaluate of specific physical changes in post-exercise muscle metabolism magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the postmenopausal women
Keywords in English
Magnetic resonance imaging
Muscle fatigue
Osteoporosis
Postmenopausal
Sarcopenia
Abstract in English
Menopause is the end of woman's reproductive life and consequences as loss of bone mass and osteoporosis may emerge. The ageing's sarcopenia entails the reduction of muscle mass and strength, deficit of physical performance and increases the risk of falls and fractures, which is also present in postmenopausal women. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a noninvasive and effective tool for quantitative assessment and metabolic dynamics of skeletal muscle. Through the T2 map is possible to capture acute muscle disorders caused by physical activity. Intensification of T2 sign is caused by osmotic movement of intramuscular water, increase of acidosis and intracellular space volume. The aim of this study was to evaluate bone mineral density in muscle metabolism in postmenopausal women. We evaluated 8 female patients in postmenopausal for more than 12 months, with a mean age of 63 years, divided into osteoporosis-group (GO=9) and control group (CG=7). They were submitted to MRI examination of thigh at rest (RM1), and then the isokinetic dynamometer at the speed of 180 degrees/second, 2 sets of 10 maximal voluntary contractions and specific exercises to activate the quadriceps muscle (squats and step) and then the RM2 to capture the muscle metabolic changes. For perception of fatigue level, samples of lactate were taken at rest (Lac1), after 1 minute (lac2) and 3 minutes (Lac3) from the end of the exercises. In both groups, it was observed variation of lac2 Lac3, confirming that fatigue levels and changes in RM2 compared to RM1 in the uptake of water were achieved due to intramuscular specific physical changes in post-exercise muscle metabolism. The results showed increased T2 map, characterized by the highest relaxation time in both groups and there are no difference between them. There was no significant correlation of the results of the RNM2 with the parameters of force (peak torque corrected by body mass) and potency (total work) and with the dosage of vitamin D. There was also no correlation between the isokinetic dinamometria and dosage of vitamin D. Osteoporosis does not affect the muscle response of the quadriceps to exercise, assessed by the T2 map of magnetic resonance imaging. The methodology proved to be robust and efficient, showing that MRI is a sensitive method to measure metabolic changes in muscle after exercise
 
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Publishing Date
2018-06-14
 
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