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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2009.tde-10092009-095745
Document
Author
Full name
Paula Balthazar Bambino
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Yagi, Osmar Kenji (President)
Begnami, Maria Dirlei Ferreira de Souza
Lopasso, Fabio Pinatel
Title in Portuguese
Imunoexpressão da E-caderina, Beta-catenina e TP53 em câncer gástrico familial
Keywords in Portuguese
Beta-catenina
Câncer gástrico familial
E-caderina
Imunoexpressão
Neoplasia gástrica
p53
Abstract in Portuguese
Introdução: Agregação familial é observada em cerca de 10% dos casos de câncer e 1 a 3% é hereditário. O tipo difuso pode estar relacionado à agregação familial e a alterações genéticas no gene CDH1, que codifica a proteína E-caderina. Alterações na imunoexpressão de Beta-catenina e p53 também são observadas. Objetivos: Analisar a imunoexpressão da E-caderina, Beta-catenina e TP53 em adenocarcinomas gástricos de pacientes com câncer gástrico familial e comparar com os dados clinicopatológicos, além dos achados das alterações genéticas destes pacientes, estudadas previamente nesta Instituição. Casuística e Métodos: Vinte e seis casos de adenocarcinoma gástrico em blocos de parafina de pacientes do HC-FMUSP foram submetidos ao estudo imunoistoquímico para detecção e análise do padrão de imunoexpressão da E-caderina, Beta-catenina e TP53 através do método da streptavidina-biotina-peroxidase. A análise da imunoexpressão dos marcadores foi classificada segundo escala de intensidade e distribuição e os testes estatísticos utilizados foram o Teste t de Student e Exato de Fisher. Resultados: A localização predominante do tumor foi no antro (61,5%). 11 (42,3%) casos alterados para a imunoexpressão da E-caderina, sendo todos do tipo difuso; 15 (57,7%) casos normais, sendo 9 do tipo difuso e 6 do tipo intestinal (p=0,02). Em estudo prévio realizado nesta instituição, uma mutação missense no exon 12 do gene CDH1, códon 617, nucleotídeo 1849 G>A foi encontrada no mesmo caso em que foi observada ausência de imunorreatividade da E-caderina. 11 (42,3%) casos alterados para a imunoexpressão de Beta-catenina e 46,2% de imunorreatividade nuclear positiva para TP53. Conclusões: 1) O tipo difuso de Laurén está associado à alteração da imunoexpressão da E-caderina no Câncer Gástrico Familial; 2) Não houve associação entre a imunoexpressão da E-caderina, idade, gênero e localização do tumor; tampouco houve associação entre a imunoexpressão da Beta-catenina e os dados clínico-patológicos; houve associação inversa entre a imunoexpressão da E-caderina e TP53; 3) Nos casos em que foram detectadas alterações na imunoexpressão, parece haver duas rotas distintas de carcinogênese envolvidas no CGF.
Title in English
Imunoexpression of E-cadherin, Beta-catenin and TP53 in familial gastric cancer
Keywords in English
Beta-catenin
E-cadherin
Familial gastric cancer
Immunostaining
p53
Stomach neoplasms
Abstract in English
Introduction: Familial clustering is observed in about 10% of the gastric cancer cases and 1-3% is hereditary. Diffuse type gastric cancer is related to genetic alterations in CDH1 gene, which translates the E-cadherin protein. The abnormal expression of E-cadherin is characterized by low expression of cytoplasmatic staining, or loss of membranous immunoreactivity. Aim: to analyze the immunoexpression of E-cadherin, Beta-catenin and TP53 in gastric adenocarcinomas in patients with Familial Gastric Cancer and compare with clinical-pathologic data, including the genetic alterations of these patients, found previously on this institution. Methods: 26 cases of paraffin-embedded gastric adenocarcinoma tissue of patients of Hospital das Clinicas - School of Medicine of University of Sao Paulo underwent immunostaining to detect the presence and to analyze the pattern of immunoexpression of E-cadherin, Beta-catenin and TP53 using Streptavidine-Biotine-Peroxidade technique. The immunoexpression evaluation was performed utilizing a semiquantitative scale for intensity and distribution. The statistical analysis was done through Students t test and Fishers Exact test. Results: E-cadherin immunoexpression was negative in 11 cases (42.3%), and all of them were diffuse type of Laurén. 15 cases (57.7%) were positive for E-cadherin, from which 9 were of the diffuse type and 6 of intestinal type (p=0.02). In previous study performed on this institution, one missense mutation in exon 12 of CDH1 gene, codon 617, nucleotide 1849 G>A was found on the same case that absence of E-cadherin immunostaining was observed. 61.5% of the tumors were located in the antrum. Beta-catenin immunoexpression was altered in 43.2% and TP53 nuclear immunoreactivity was positive in 46.2% of the tumors. TP53 was solely detected in 12 (46.2%) of the tumors, while E-cadherin was altered in 10/26 (38.5%) negative TP53 tumors, p=0.01. Conclusions: 1) Diffuse type of Laurén is associated to E-cadherin immunoexpression alteration in Familial Gastric Cancer; 2) There was no association between E-cadherin immunoexpression and age, gender or tumor location, as well as there was no association between Beta-catenin and the clinical-pathologic data; there was an inverse association between immunoexpression of TP53 and E-cadherin; 3) There may be two distinct carcinogenesis pathways on familial gastric cancer cases that imunoexpression alterations were detected.
 
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Publishing Date
2009-09-10
 
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