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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2015.tde-13052015-094030
Document
Author
Full name
Gabriela Gorenstein
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2014
Supervisor
Committee
Shavitt, Roseli Gedanke (President)
Abdo, Carmita Helena Najjar
Torres, Albina Rodrigues
Title in Portuguese
Impacto do tratamento de crianças e adolescentes com transtorno obsessivo-compulsivo sobre a ansiedade parental, acomodação familiar e ambiente familiar
Keywords in Portuguese
Ansiedade
Família
Pais
Pediatria
Terapia
Transtorno obsessivo-compulsivo
Abstract in Portuguese
O Transtorno Obsessivo Compulsivo (TOC) afeta de 2% a 4% da população pediátrica. Entre os fatores associados com a pior resposta ao tratamento do TOC pediátrico encontram-se a presença de sintomas de ansiedade nos pais, presença de histórico psiquiátrico nos familiares de primeiro grau, maior grau de acomodação familiar (AF) e ambiente familiar com características disfuncionais. No entanto, poucos estudos até o momento investigaram a variação da ansiedade parental, da acomodação familiar e do ambiente familiar em relação à resposta ao tratamento do TOC pediátrico. Nesse estudo foram avaliados, prospectivamente, 43 pais (31 mães e 12 pais) de 33 jovens com TOC (7 a 17 anos), antes e após o tratamento de seus filhos por 14 semanas com Terapia Cognitiva Comportamental (TCC) em grupo ou com fluoxetina. Os instrumentos utilizados para avaliar os pais foram: o Inventário de Ansiedade Traço e Estado (IDATE), a Escala de Acomodação Familiar (FAS), a Escala de Ambiente Familiar (FES-R) e um questionário para avaliar a presença de sintomas ansiosos, sintomas obsessivo-compulsivos (SOC), sintomas depressivos e uso nocivo de substâncias nos familiares de primeiro grau dos jovens com TOC. Os sintomas dos filhos foram avaliados pela Escala Yale-Brown de Sintomas Obsessivo-Compulsivos (Y-BOCS). De modo geral, os pais não apresentaram redução significativa da ansiedade traço ou estado, e não foi observada associação entre a variação da ansiedade parental e a melhora clínica dos filhos. No entanto, para os pais cujos familiares de primeiro grau não tinham sintomas psiquiátricos, houve associação significativa entre a redução da ansiedade traço e estado com a melhora clínica dos filhos. A acomodação familiar diminuiu após o tratamento dos filhos, e essa redução associou-se à melhora clínica dos jovens. No ambiente familiar, as subdimensões coesão e lazer aumentaram após o tratamento dos filhos, sendo que a variação da gravidade do TOC associou-se com a variação da coesão familiar. Esses resultados indicam que, mesmo sem uma abordagem focada na família, o tratamento do TOC pediátrico pode exercer impacto positivo sobre a acomodação familiar e o ambiente familiar. Estudos futuros poderão esclarecer as influências recíprocas entre esses fatores familiares e o tratamento do TOC pediátrico
Title in English
Impact of pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder treatment on parental anxiey, family accommodation and family environment
Keywords in English
Anxiety
Family
Obsessive-compulsive disorder
Parents
Pediatrics
Therapy
Abstract in English
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) occurs in 2% to 4% of the pediatric population. A worse prognosis has been associated with the presence of anxiety symptoms among parents, the presence of psychiatric symptoms among first-degree relatives, higher levels of family accommodation (FA) and a greater dysfunction in the family environment. So far, few studies have investigated the associations between the variation of parental anxiety, family accommodation and family environment with the response to pediatric OCD treatment. Forty-three subjects, 31 mothers and 12 fathers, of 33 children and adolescents with OCD (between 6 to17 years old), were evaluated before and after treatment of their children with group Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) or fluoxetine for 14 weeks. The instruments used to assess the parents were: the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), the Family Accommodation Scale (FAS), the Family Environment Scale - Real form (FES-R), and a questionnaire to assess the presence of anxiety symptoms, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, depressive symptoms and substance abuse in the first degree relatives of the youths. The children's symptoms were assessed by the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS). After their children's treatment, parents showed no significant reduction in their trait or state anxiety, and parental anxiety was not related to children's response to treatment. However, a decrease in anxiety levels after treatment was observed among those whose first degree-relatives did not report psychiatric symptoms. Family accommodation decreased after the children's treatment, and this decrease accompanied the children's clinical improvement. In the family environment, the sub-dimensions cohesion and leisure increased after the children's treatment, and cohesion accompanied the children's clinical improvement. These results suggest that, even without a family-focused approach, the child-focused treatment of pediatric OCD may have a positive impact on family accommodation and family environment. Future studies should further clarify the reciprocal influences of family factors and the treatment of pediatric OCD
 
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Publishing Date
2015-05-13
 
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