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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.5.2014.tde-24022015-090756
Document
Author
Full name
Daniella De Grande Curi
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2014
Supervisor
Committee
Maciel, Gustavo Arantes Rosa (President)
Linhares, Iara Moreno
Carvalho, Kátia Cândido
Pontes, Anaglória
Simoes, Manuel de Jesus
Title in Portuguese
Polimorfismos do gene BMP4 em pacientes com a síndrome dos ovários policísticos
Keywords in Portuguese
Hirsutismo
Polimorfismo de nucleotídeo único
Proteína morfogenética óssea 4
Síndrome do ovário policístico
Abstract in Portuguese
A síndrome dos ovários policísticos (SOP) é um distúrbio endócrino complexo e heterogêneo, caracterizado por hiperandrogenismo e anovulação crônica. Dentre as manifestações clínicas do hiperandrogenismo, o hirsutismo é o mais frequente e pode estar presente em cerca de 70% das pacientes com SOP. Sabe-se que o crescimento e diferenciação do pelo são regulados por fatores locais, endócrinos, parácrinos e genéticos. No entanto, a fisiopatologia do hirsutismo ainda é pouco conhecida. O gene BMP4 (que codifica a Proteína Morfogenética Óssea-4) relaciona-se ao controle do crescimento e diferenciação do pelo, porém não há estudos sobre seu papel no hirsutismo em mulheres com síndrome dos ovários policísticos. Foram estudadas 245 mulheres, 142 SOP e 103 controles em que analisaram-se os polimorfismos rs4898820 e 538 T/C, para verificar frequências genotípicas e alélicas. Nas pacientes com SOP foi investigada a existência de associação entre esses polimorfismos e hirsutismo e parâmetros laboratoriais e clínicos. Não houve diferença significante na frequência dos polimorfismos entre os grupos. Não houve associação dos polimorfismos com hirsutismo. Quando analisados os exames laboratoriais das mulheres com SOP, houve associação do genótipo mutado do polimorfismo 538 T/C (CC) com níveis mais altos de SHBG, menores de glicemia e maior sensibilidade à insulina. Houve também associação entre os alelos mutados (CC ou TC), com menores níveis de testosterona livre. Encontrou-se diferença significante para o FSH nas portadoras do genótipo mutado para o polimorfismo rs4898820 (TT). Não houve associação dos polimorfismos com hirsutismo
Title in English
Polimorphisms of BMP4 gene in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome
Keywords in English
Bone morphogenetic protein-4
Hirsutism
Polycystic ovary syndrome
Polymorphism single nucleotide
Abstract in English
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex and heterogeneous endocrine disorder characterized by chronic anovulation and hiperandrogesnism. Among the clinical manifestations of hyperandrogenism, hirsutism is the most frequent and may be present in approximately 70% of patients with PCOS. It is known that the hair growth and differentiation are coordinated by local, endocrine, paracrine and genetic factors. However, the pathophysiology of hirsutism is poorly understood. BMP-4 (Bone Morphogenetic Protein-4) is a gene involved in the hair growth and differentiation, but there are no studies about its action in hirsutism in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. A total of 245 women, 142 with PCOS diagnostic and 103 control women were studied to investigate the the allelic frequency of the single nucleotide polymorfisms rs4898820 and 538 T/C in PCOS in comparison with the control group. In PCOS group, we sought to investigate a possible association between the genetic variations and the hirsutism. There were no differences for the polymorphisms between groups. There was no association between the genotypes and the presence of hirsutism in PCOS women. When the polymorphisms were analyzed in the PCOS group, those who had homozygous genotype for 538 T/C (CC) had lower levels of SHBG, lower levels of glucose and better insulin sensitivity. Mutated allele (CC or TC), were associated with lower levels of free testosterone. Those who had the mutated genotype for the polymorphism rs4898820 (TT) had higher levels of FSH
 
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Publishing Date
2015-02-24
 
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