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Doctoral Thesis
Full name
Eduardo Zlotnik
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
São Paulo, 2012
Messina, Marcos de Lorenzo (President)
Bonduki, Claudio Emilio
Melo, Nilson Roberto de
Nasser, Felipe
Podgaec, Sérgio
Title in Portuguese
Parâmetros de ressonância magnética da pelve como fatores preditivos de resposta de leiomioma uterino à embolização arterial
Keywords in Portuguese
Embolização da artéria uterina
Imagem por ressonância magnética
Abstract in Portuguese
Os métodos minimamente invasivos têm sido cada vez mais utilizados para o tratamento do leiomioma e, a embolização da artéria uterina, tem se destacado como método seguro e efetivo. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar, pela ressonância magnética da pelve, os fatores preditores da diminuição dos leiomiomas de pacientes submetidos a embolização da artéria uterina. Métodos: Estudaram-se 50 mulheres sintomáticas com leiomioma uterino, na menacme, que foram submetidas a embolização da artéria uterina. Acompanhou-se, por meio da ressonância magnética o volume do útero e dos leiomiomas. Foram examinados 179 leiomiomas nestas pacientes, um mês antes e seis meses depois do procedimento. Resultados: Seis meses após o tratamento, a redução média do volume uterino foi de 38,91%, enquanto os leiomiomas tiveram redução de 55,23%. Nos leiomiomas submucosos e/ou com a relação nódulo/músculo em T2 mais elevada, a redução do volume foi ainda maior (maior que 50,00%). Conclusões: As pacientes portadoras de leiomiomas e submetidas à embolização da artéria uterina apresentaram redução de volume dos nódulos superior a 50,00%, à ressonância magnética, quando eram submucosos e/ou tinham uma relação nódulo/músculo em T2 mais elevada
Title in English
Predictive factors of pelvic magnetic resonance in the response of arterial embolization of the uterine leiomyoma
Keywords in English
Magnetic resonance imaging
Uterine artery embolization
Abstract in English
Objective : Minimally invasive methods are being an alternative to treat leiomyomas, including the uterine artery embolization that has emerged as a safe and effective method. The aim of this study was to evaluate the magnetic resonance imaging predictors of decrease in leiomyomas of patients who underwent uterine artery embolization. Methods: This study followed 50 symptomatic premenopausal women with uterine leiomyoma who underwent uterine artery embolization. Treatment was accompanied by magnetic resonance imaging of both the volume of the uterus and the leiomyomas. We examined 179 leiomyomas in that 50 patients, one month before and six months after of the procedure. Results: Six months after treatment, the mean reduction in uterine was 38.91%, while leiomyomas decreased by 55.23%. In submucosal leiomyomas and/or with a higher node/muscle ratio in T2, the volume reduction was even higher (greater than 50.00%). Conclusions: The patients with leiomyomas and underwent uterine artery embolization, showed reductions in the volume of nodes greater than 50,00%, on the magnetic resonance imaging, when they were submucosal and / or had a higher node-to-muscle ratio in T2
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