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Master's Dissertation
Document
Author
Full name
Maria Antônia Campos Almeida
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2006
Supervisor
Committee
D'Amico, Elbio Antonio (President)
Bordin, Jose Orlando
Gualandro, Sandra Fatima Menosi
Title in Portuguese
"Fibrinogênio como marcador de trombose"
Keywords in Portuguese
Estudos epidemiológicos
Fibrinogênio
Grupos controle
Trombose venosa
Trombose/diagnóstico
Abstract in Portuguese
INTRODUÇÃO: Um grande número de estudos epidemiológicos têm demonstrado que o fibrinogênio é fator de risco consistente e independente para doença cardiovascular. O fibrinogênio, além de ser um determinante de trombose arterial foi considerado fator de risco de trombose venosa. Foram avaliados os níveis plasmáticos do fibrinogênio em indivíduos que apresentaram algum tipo de trombose não influenciada por reação de fase aguda ou resposta inflamatória. MÉTODOS: Neste estudo de caso-controle realizado entre julho de 2003 a abril de 2005 foram incluídos 39 pacientes, entre 25 e 65 anos, com diagnóstico objetivamente confirmado de trombose, sem antecedentes de neoplasia e colagenose. O tempo mínimo entre a evento e a coleta da amostra de sangue foi de 6 meses. O grupo controle foi constituído de doadores e funcionários voluntários do Hemocentro Regional de Juiz de Fora. A concentração plasmática de fibrinogênio e a medida da Proteína C Reativa foram realizados nos dois grupos. RESULTADOS:Os níveis médios de fibrinogênio foram significativamente maiores nos pacientes ( 316)que no grupo controle (259), p=0,0002. a média de idade foi 48,3 para os pacientes e 45,5 para o controle. A aplicação do teste qui quadrado demonstrou que não houve diferenças significativas nos grupos de pacientes e controles (30,8% e 27%, respectivamente) em relação ao tabagismo(pvalor = 0,72). A frequência de hipertensão foi significativamente maior no grupo de pacientes (28,2%) que no controle (5,4%) (p-valor=0,008). O teste t para a diferença dos níveis médios de fibrinogênio entre os grupos de trombose venosa e arterial não apresentou resultado estatisticamente significante (p-valor = 0,69). CONCLUSÃO: Com base nos dados deste estudo, os níveis de fibrinogênio estão relacionados com trombose, independente se arterial ou venosa.
Title in English
Fibrinogen in the prediction of thrombosis
Keywords in English
Control groups
Epidemiologic studies
Fibrinogen
Thrombosis/diagnosis
Venous thrombosis
Abstract in English
INTRODUCTION: A great number of prospective epidemiologic studies have reported that fibrinogen is consistently and independently risk factor for the cardiovascular disease. The fibrinogen, a determinant of arterial thrombosis, was also considered a risk factor for the venous thrombosis. It was valued the fibrinogen plasmatic level in patients that had showed some kind of thrombosis event without influence by acute phase reactions or ongoing inflamatory responses. METHODS: In this cases-control study, fulfilled between july 2003 and april 2005, was included 39 patients, among 25 e 65 ears, with confirmed diagnosis of thrombosis and none neoplasis and collagenosis antecedent. Six months was the minimum time between event and blood sample collect. The control group was composed by blood donor and voluntary employee of the Hemocentro Regional de Juiz de Fora. The fibrinogen plasmatic concentration and the C-reactive proteins measure was made in both groups. RESULTS: The medium levels of fibrinogen were significantly higher in patients (316) than the control group (259), p=0,0002. The age average was 48,3 for the patients and 45,5 for the control. The “qui-quadrado” test application proved there wasn’t any significatives differences in both groups, patients (30,8%) and control (27%), in the relation with smoking (p-value = 0,72). The frequency of arterial hypertension was significantly higher in patient group (28,2%) than the control group (5,4%) (p-value = 0,008). The t-test for the differences of the fibrinogen average levels between venous and arterial thrombosis didn’t present any significant statistic result. CONCLUSION: Established in this research, the higher levels of fibrinogen are associated with thrombosis, independently if arterial or venous.
 
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Publishing Date
2006-09-22
 
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