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Doctoral Thesis
Full name
Karina Berger
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
São Paulo, 2006
Mendonca, Berenice Bilharinho de (President)
Antonini, Sonir Roberto Rauber
Longui, Carlos Alberto
Verreschi, Ieda Therezinha do Nascimento
Xavier, Ana Claudia Latrônico
Title in Portuguese
"Hipogonadismo hipogonadotrófico: diagnóstico pré-puberal e papel das isoformas e variantes gênicas do hormônio luteinizante no fenótipo da doença"
Keywords in Portuguese
Freqüência do gene
Hormônio luteinizante subunidade beta/genética
Abstract in Portuguese
A resposta do LH e do FSH ao estímulo com GnRH, realizado em estádio pré-puberal em pacientes com hipopituitarismo acompanhados até a idade puberal, são úteis para predizer o diagnóstico da deficiência de gonadotrofinas, principalmente nas meninas. O estudo da região codificadora do gene LH em pacientes com hipogonadismo hipogonadotrófico e concentrações normais de LH revelou 5 variantes alélicas. A freqüência das variantes alélicas Arg8 e Thr15 foi similar entre hipogonádicos e adultos normais e a sua presença não interferiu nas concentrações séricas do LH. O estudo das isoformas do LH mostrou um predomínio das isoformas ácidas do LH em hipogonádicos e indivíduos normais, não permitindo atribuir à sua presença a baixa atividade biológica do LH imunorreativo encontrado em 13% dos hipogonádicos
Title in English
Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism : pre-pubertal diagnosis and the role of the isoforms and allelic variants of the luteinizing hormone in the disease phenotype
Keywords in English
Gene frequency
Glycoprotein hormones alpha subunit/genetics
Abstract in English
LH and FSH responses to GnRH stimulation carried out in the pre-pubertal stage in patients with hypopituitarism followed until the pubertal stage are useful tools for predicting the gonadotropin deficiency diagnosis, especially in girls. The study of the codifying region of the LH gene in patients with hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and normal LH levels disclosed 5 allelic variants. The frequencies of the allelic variants Arg8 and Thr15 were similar between hypogonadic and normal adults, and their presence did not alter serum LH levels. The study of LH isoforms showed a predominance of acid LH isoforms in hypogonadic and normal subjects, which does not allow us to ascribe to their presence the low biological activity of the immunoreactive LH, found in 13% of the hypogonadic individuals
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