• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.5.2018.tde-12092018-085015
Document
Author
Full name
José Mariani Júnior
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Lemos Neto, Pedro Alves (President)
Franken, Roberto Alexandre
Gowdak, Luís Henrique Wolff
Silva, Expedito Eustáquio Ribeiro da
Title in Portuguese
Minimizando a utilização de contraste através do uso de ultrassom intravascular durante angioplastia coronária: estudo randomizado MOZART
Keywords in Portuguese
Angioplastia
Diagnóstico por imagem
Ensaio clínico controlado aleatório
Intervenção coronária percutânea
Meios de contraste
Nefropatias
Técnicas de imagem cardíaca
Ultrassonografia
Ultrassonografia de intervenção
Abstract in Portuguese
INTRODUÇÃO: Poucas são as estratégias testadas para reduzir o volume de contraste durante angioplastia coronária. Levantamos a hipótese de que o ultrassom intravascular teria o potencial de substituir muitas informações fornecidas pela angiografia, reduzindo, dessa forma, o volume total de contraste utilizado durante a angioplastia coronária. MÉTODOS: No total, 83 pacientes foram randomizados para realização de angioplastia guiada pela angiografia isolada ou angioplastia guiada pelo ultrassom intravascular. Ambos os grupos foram tratados com estratégias rigorosas para redução de contraste, tendo como objetivo primário o volume final de contraste utilizado na angioplastia coronária. Os pacientes foram acompanhados por um período médio de 4 meses. RESULTADOS: A mediana do volume total de contraste foi de 64,5 ml (intervalo interquartil [ITQ], 42,8-97 ml; mínimo de 19 ml e máximo de 170 ml) no grupo angioplastia guiada pela angiografia isolada vs. 20 ml (ITQ, 12,5-30 ml; mínimo de 3 ml e máximo de 54 ml) no grupo angioplastia guiada pelo ultrassom intravascular (P < 0,001). De forma semelhante, a mediana da razão entre o volume de contraste e o clearance de creatinina foi significantemente menor entre os pacientes submetidos a angioplastia guiada pelo ultrassom intravascular, quando comparados aos pacientes do grupo angioplastia guiada pela angiografia isolada (1 [ITQ, 0,6-1,9] vs. 0,4 [ITQ, 0,2- 0,5], respectivamente; P < 0,001). Os desfechos intra-hospitalares e aos 4 meses de acompanhamento não foram diferentes entre os pacientes randomizados para o grupo angioplastia guiada pela angiografia isolada e aqueles do grupo angioplastia guiada pelo ultrassom intravascular. CONCLUSÕES: A utilização racional do ultrassom intravascular como método de imagem para guiar a angioplastia foi segura e reduziu de forma significativa o volume de contraste, comparativamente à angioplastia guiada pela angiografia isolada. O uso do ultrassom intravascular para esse propósito deve ser considerado para pacientes de elevado risco para o desenvolvimento de nefropatia induzida pelo contraste ou sobrecarga de volume e que serão submetidos a angioplastia coronária
Title in English
Intravascular ultrasound guidance to minimize the use of iodine contrast in percutaneous coronary intervention: the MOZART randomized trial
Keywords in English
Angioplasty
Cardiac imaging techniques
Contrast media, Ultrasonography interventional
Kidney diseases
Percutaneous coronary intervention
Randomized controlled trial, Diagnostic imaging
Ultrasonography
Abstract in English
BACKGROUND: To date, few approaches have been described to reduce the final dose of contrast agent in percutaneous coronary intervention. We hypothesized that intravascular ultrasound might serve as an alternative imaging tool to angiography in many steps during percutaneous coronary intervention, thereby reducing the use of iodine contrast. METHODS: A total of 83 patients were randomized to angiography alone-guided percutaneous coronary intervention or intravascular ultrasound-guided percutaneous coronary intervention. Both groups were treated according to a pre-defined meticulous procedural strategy, and the primary endpoint was the total volume contrast agent used during percutaneous coronary intervention. Patients were followed clinically for an average of 4 months. RESULTS: The median total volume of contrast was 64.5 mL (interquartile range [IQR], 42.8 to 97 mL; minimum, 19 mL; maximum, 170 mL) in the angiography alone-guided group vs. 20 mL (IQR, 12.5 to 30 mL; minimum, 3 mL; maximum, 54 mL) in the intravascular ultrasound-guided group (P < 0.001). Similarly, the median volume of contrast/creatinine clearance ratio was significantly lower among patients treated with intravascular ultrasound-guided percutaneous coronary intervention when compared with patients treated with angiography alone-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (1 [IQR, 0.6 to 1.9] vs. 0.4 [IQR, 0.2 to 0.6], respectively; P < 0.001). In-hospital and 4-month outcomes were not different between patients randomized to angiography alone-guided and intravascular ultrasound-guided percutaneous coronary intervention. CONCLUSIONS: Thoughtful and extensive use of intravascular ultrasound as the primary imaging tool to guide percutaneous coronary intervention was safe and markedly reduced the volume of iodine contrast compared with angiographyalone guidance. The use of intravascular ultrasound should be considered for patients at high risk of contrast-induced acute kidney injury or volume overload undergoing coronary angioplasty
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
JoseMarianiJunior.pdf (1.63 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2018-09-13
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
CeTI-SC/STI
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2019. All rights reserved.