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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.46.2004.tde-05112014-104234
Document
Author
Full name
Cristina Elisa Alvarez Martinez
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2004
Supervisor
Committee
Gomes, Suely Lopes (President)
Farah, Chuck Shaker
Ferreira, Luis Carlos de Souza
Gueiros Filho, Frederico José
Spira, Beny
Title in Portuguese
Caracterização de fatores sigma da subfamília ECF em Caulobacter crescentus
Keywords in Portuguese
Biologia molecular
Estresse
Estresse extracitoplasmático
Genomas
Regulação da expressão gênica
Regulação gênica
Sigma
Abstract in Portuguese
Em bactérias, os fatores sigma alternativos permitem a rápida adaptação da célula a alterações no ambiente. Dentre estes, os fatores sigma ECF (função extra-itoplasmática) caracterizam-se pelo envolvimento na resposta a sinais da região extra-citoplasmática da célula. O sequenciamento do genoma de Caulobacter crescentus indicou a presença de 13 ORFs codificando fatores ECF. Este trabalho descreve a caracterização de cepas mutantes em cinco genes que codificam fatores sigma ECF de C. crescentus, sendo eles sigL, sigM, sigN, sigU e sigF. A regulação da expressão destes genes em respostas a diferentes estresses foi também analisada, pelo uso de fusões de transcrição de suas regiões promotoras ao gene reporter lacZ. Todos os mutantes mostraram-se viáveis, sendo também tão resistentes quanto a cepa parental a uma série de estresses ambientais testados, indicando que estes genes não são essenciais. Verificou-se, porém, que os mutantes nos genes sigL e sigM são mais sensíveis ao choque térmico extremo (48°C). A caracterização da cepa mutante em sigF mostrou que este gene é essencial para a resistência da célula a estresse oxidativo durante a fase estacionária. A análise da expressão de sigF indicou um controle pós-transcricional, com o acúmulo da proteína SigF durante esta fase do crescimento, sem um aumento na transcrição do gene. Oito genes regulados por σF durante a fase estacionária foram identificados em experimentos de "microarray", incluindo os genes de resposta a estresse oxidativo, sodA e msrA. A análise da atividade do promotor de sigU mostrou sua indução na entrada na fase estacionária e após estresse salino e osmótico. No entanto, o mutante nulo em sigU não se apresentou mais sensível que a cepa parental a esses estresses. Os resultados aqui descritos permitiram identificar a importância de alguns dos fatores ECF de C. crescentus na resposta a estresses nesta bactéria.
Title in English
Characterization of sigma factors ECF subfamily in Caulobacter crescentus
Keywords in English
Extracytoplasmic stress
Gene regulation
Genome
Molecular biology
Regulation of gene expression
Sigma
Stress
Abstract in English
Alternative sigma factors permit the rapid adaptation to environmental changes in bacteria. Among them, members of the ECF subfamily (extracfunction) are characterized by their involvement in responses to changes in the extracytoplasmic compartment of the cell. Analysis of the complete genome sequence of Caulobacter crescentus has led to the identification of 13 ORFs encoding putative sigma factors of the ECF subclass. The present work describes the characterization of mutant strains in five genes encoding ECF sigma factors from C. crescentus, named sigL, sigM, sigN, sigU and sigF. The expression of these genes in response to distinct stress conditions was also investigated, using transcriptional fusions of their promoter regions to the lacZ reporter gene. The five mutants strains obtained were viable and did not show increased sensitivity, when compared to the parental strain, to a series of environmental stress conditions, indicating that these genes are not essential. However, the sigL and sigM mutant strains were shown to be more sensitive to extreme heat shock (48°C). Furthermore, the characterization of the sigF mutant strain demonstrated that this gene is essential for oxidative stress survival during stationary phase. Analysis of sigF expression indicated a post-transcriptional control, with an increase in the levels of SigF protein during this growth phase, without changes in the transcription rate of the gene. Eight genes regulated by σF during stationary phase were identified in microarray experiments, including the oxidative stress response genes sodA and msrA. Analysis of sigU promoter activity in response to distinct stress conditions showed induction upon entry into stationary phase and during saline and osmotic stress. Nevertheless, the sigU null mutant did not show increased sensitivity to these stresses. The results described here identified the importance of some of the C. crescentus ECF sigma factors in the response to stresses in this bacterium.
 
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Publishing Date
2014-11-05
 
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