• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.42.2018.tde-31012018-155650
Document
Author
Full name
Miguel José Rangel Júnior
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2017
Supervisor
Committee
Canteras, Newton Sabino (President)
Chacur, Marucia
Dale, Camila Squarzoni
Quadros, Isabel Marian Hartmann de
Rizzolo, Roelf Justino Cruz
Title in Portuguese
Papel do hipotálamo lateral e tálamo anterior nas respostas contextuais na derrota social.
Keywords in Portuguese
Circuitaria neural
Contexto
Derrota social
Hipotálamo lateral
Tálamo anterior
Abstract in Portuguese
Relações entre machos de roedores muitas vezes se dão com a manifestação de comportamentos agressivos, em um embate em que se define um perdedor e um ganhador. O macho perdedor, de acordo com experimentos realizados no laboratório, apresenta comportamentos de defesa (avaliação de risco) quando exposto ao contexto da derrota social. Na expressão da defesa condicionada, estruturas do hipotálamo lateral devem ser importantes, que são também mobilizadas durante o confronto. No hipotálamo lateral destacamos a a parte justadorsomedial do hipotálamo lateral (LHAjd) que tem conexões com o sistema septo-hipocampal e projeta-se liga ao prémamilar dorsal (PMD), crítico para a expressão de comportamentos de defesa. Por outro lado, o PMD, que é uma estrutura altamente mobilizada durante o confronto social, tem conexões com o núcleo anteromedial do tálamo (AMv), estrutura já conhecida pela sua importância na aquisição da memória contextual e espacial. Assim, no presente trabalho, investigamos o papel do LHAjd na expressão e do AMv na aquisição da defesa condicionada na derrota social. Nos animais com lesão do LHAjd, observamos diminuição nos comportamentos de avaliação de risco durante exposição ao contexto. Nos animais com lesão do AMv o mesmo efeito. Dado os efeitos das lesões no AMv, elaboramos um paradigma para estudo em camundongos, a fim de se realizar inativações pontuais com farmacogenética nos neurônios glutamatérgicos em animais transgênicos durante a derrota social. Foi observado o mesmo padrão em camundongos transgênicos vGlut2-cre inativados com farmacogenética, não havendo influência nos comportamentos durante a derrota social. Inativações antes do contexto não causaram efeito na defesa condicionada. As inativações durante a derrota, no entanto, não tiveram efeito quando o residente agressivo está na exposição ao contexto. Os dados sugerem que o LHAjd tem papel na expressão da defesa condicionada, enquanto que o AMv tem papel na aquisição da defesa condicionada ao contexto, mas não no reconhecimento do residente agressivo.
Title in English
Role of the lateral hypothalamus and anterior thalamus in memory in social defeat.
Keywords in English
Anterior thalamus
Context
Lateral hypothalamus
Neural circuitry
Social defeat
Abstract in English
Male rodents may interact aggressively, and from the agonistic encounter, it results a winner and a defeated animal. Accordingingly, the defeated male shows defensive behaviors (risk assessment) to the social defeat-related context. Contextual responses are known to rely on hippocampal processing, and one of the main targets of the hippocampal system is the justodorsomedial part of lateral hypothalamus (LHAjd), which projects to dorsal premamillary nucleus (PMD), known to be involved in the expression of social defensive behaviors. Notably, PMD, a hypothalamic site highly responsive to the social defeat, in turn, projects to the ventral part of thalamic anteromedial nucleus (AMv), previously shown to be involved in the acquistion of spatial and contextual memory to predatory threats. Thus, in present study, we investigated the role of LHAjd in expression and of AMv in acquisition of social defeat conditioned defensive behaviors. In LHAjd lesioned animals, we observed a decrease in risk assessment behaviors during exposute to the social defeat associated context , but not during the social defeat itself, suggesting a role in the expression of contextual but not in the innate social defeat. In AMv lesioned animals, we observed that the animals lost contextual defensive response, suggesting a role in the acquisition and/or expression of contextual responses. Next, using pharmacogetic inhibition, we investigated in vGlut2-cre transgenic mice the role of the AMV in the acquisition and expression of contextual defensive behavior. We have found that AMV inactivation prior to the social defeaf, but not prior to the exposure to the social defeat related context, was able to decrease contextual responses in animals tested withot the presence of the male aggressor, but not in the situation where the male aggressor was present. Overall, our results suggest that the LHAjd has a role in the expression of conditioned defense, and that the AMV is involved in the acquisision of contextual fear responses, but not in social recognition of aggressive male.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
There are withheld file due to requirements (data publishing, patents or rights).
Release Date
2020-01-31
Publishing Date
2018-01-31
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
CeTI-SC/STI
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2019. All rights reserved.