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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.42.2016.tde-08082016-084757
Document
Author
Full name
Elaine Castilho Guedes
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Diniz, Gabriela Placoná (President)
Franco, Maria do Carmo Pinho
Heimann, Joel Claudio
Title in Portuguese
Análise do microRNA-22 na hipertrofia cardíaca induzida pela dieta hiperlipídica.
Keywords in Portuguese
Dieta hiperlipídica
Hipertrofia cardíaca
miRNA
miRNA-22
Obesidade
Remodelamento cardíaco
Abstract in Portuguese
Recentes estudos têm revelado o envolvimento de microRNAs (miRNAs) no controle da hipertrofia cardíaca e na função do miocárdio. Ainda, várias pesquisas têm demonstrado que o consumo de dieta rica em gordura pode induzir hipertrofia e remodelamento cardíaco. No presente estudo, investigou-se o efeito de dietas contendo diferentes porcentagens de gordura na expressão do miRNA-22, um miRNA que está diretamente envolvido na regulação da morfologia e da função cardíaca e um importante mediador da hipertrofia e falência cardíaca deflagradas por diferentes estímulos. Para isso, camundongos C57BL/6 machos, com idade entre 4 e 5 semanas, foram alimentados com uma dieta controle (10% das calorias provenientes de lipídeos) ou dietas hiperlipídicas (HF) contendo 45% de kcal de gordura (HF45%) e 60% de kcal de gordura (HF60%) por 10 ou 20 semanas. A dieta HF60% promoveu um aumento do peso corpóreo, aumento dos níveis de glicose, insulina, leptina, colesterol total e triglicérides e induziu intolerância a glicose. As dietas HF promoveram remodelamento cardíaco, conforme evidenciado pelo aumento no diâmetro transverso dos cardiomiócitos e deposição de colágeno. A análise de sequenciamento de RNAs demonstrou que as dietas ricas em gordura induziram padrões distintos de expressão de miRNAs no coração, incluindo o miRNA-22. Análise de bioinformática identificou a caveolina-1 como potencial alvo do miRNA-22 e seus níveis encontraram-se aumentados no grupo HF60% tratado por 20 semanas. Considerando que o miRNA-22 está envolvido no desenvolvimento da hipertrofia cardíaca e falência do coração, é possível que algumas destas alterações estruturais e funcionais cardíacas induzidas pela dieta rica em gordura sejam, ao menos em parte, influenciadas pelo aumento da expressão deste miRNA. Entretanto estudos funcionais são necessários para determinar a contribuição do miRNA-22 para os efeitos promovidos pela dieta rica em gordura no coração.
Title in English
Analysis of microRNA-22 on cardiac hypertrophy induced by high fat diet.
Keywords in English
Cardiac hypertrophy
Cardiac remodeling
High fat diet
miRNA
miRNA-22
Obesity
Abstract in English
Recent studies have revealed the involvement of microRNAs (miRNAs) in the control of cardiac hypertrophy and myocardial function. In addition, several reports have demonstrated that high fat (HF) diet induces cardiac hypertrophy and remodeling. In the current study, we investigated the effect of diets containing different percentages of fat on the miRNA-22 expression, which is a miRNA involved in the control of the cardiac morphology and function and an important mediator of cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure triggered by different stimuli. To address this question, 4-week-old male C57Bl/6 mice were fed with a low fat diet (10 kcal% fat) or high fat diets (HF), containing 45 kcal% fat (HF45%) and 60 kcal% fat (HF60%) for 10 and 20 weeks. HF60% diet promoted an increase on body weight, fasting glycemia, insulin, leptin, total cholesterol, triglycerides and induced glucose intolerance. HF feeding promoted cardiac remodeling, as evidenced by increased cardiomyocyte transverse diameter and interstitial fibrosis. RNA sequencing analysis demonstrated that HF feeding induced distinct miRNA expression patterns in the heart, including miRNA-22. Bioinformatics analysis identified caveolin-1 as a potential target of miRNA-22 and its levels were increased in HF60% group treated for 20 weeks. Considering that miRNA-22 is involved in the development of cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure, it is possible that some of the cardiac structural and functional alterations induced by high fat diet are, at least in part, influenced by the increased expression of this miRNA. However functional studies are needed to determine the contribution of miRNA-22 in the effects promoted by high fat diet in the heart.
 
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Publishing Date
2016-08-09
 
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