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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.42.2011.tde-04112011-151259
Document
Author
Full name
Gabriele Ebling Mattos
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2011
Supervisor
Committee
Lotfi, Claudimara Ferini Pacicco (President)
Almeida, Madson Queiroz de
Engler, Silvya Stuchi Maria
Ferreira, Cecilia Helena de Azevedo Gouveia
Gama, Patricia
Title in Portuguese
Vias de sinalização e efeito biológico da corticotropina (ACTH), do peptídeo NH2-terminal da pró-opiomelanocortina (N-POMC) e do fator de crescimento de fibroblastos (FGF2) em culturas primárias de células da suprarrenal de rato.
Keywords in Portuguese
Apoptose
Cultura de células animais
Fatores de crescimento
Fatores de crescimento de fibroblastos
Hormônio adrenocorticotrófico
Proliferação celular
Abstract in Portuguese
Um dos fatores que regula o córtex adrenal é o hormônio adrenocorticotrópico, ACTH, no entanto, o fator de crescimento de fibroblastos do tipo 2, FGF2, e os peptídeos N-terminais da pro-opiomelanocortina, N-POMC, também podem estar envolvidos. As vias de sinalização das proteínas quinases: ERK, JNK e p38, juntamente com outras vias como PKA, PKC e PI3K/Akt são importantes para a definição trófica das células. Nós analisamos a importância destas vias de sinalização e sua influência na viabilidade, proliferação e morte celular, induzidas pelo ACTH, FGF2 e N-POMC, utilizando inibidores farmacológicos e moleculares em culturas primárias de células adrenocorticais, células glomerulosa e fasciculadas/reticulares. Nossos resultados mostram que as vias mediadoras envolvidas na resposta proliferativa do FGF2 e da N-POMC são, respectivamente, as vias ERK/JNK e ERK/JNK/Akt. Por outro lado, a resposta pró-apoptótica promovida pelo ACTH é mediada pela via p38, provavelmente associada à ausência de ativação das vias relacionadas com a sobrevivência, como as vias ERK e JNK.
Title in English
Signaling pathways and biological effects of corticotropin (ACTH), pro-opiomelanocortin NH2-terminal peptide (N-POMC) and fibroblast growth factor type 2 (FGF2) in rat adrenal primary culture cells.
Keywords in English
Adrenocorticotropic hormone
Apoptosis
Cell proliferation
Culture of animal cells
Fibroblast growth factors
Growth factors
Abstract in English
One of the factors that regulate adrenal cortex is the adrenocorticotrophic hormone, ACTH, however, the fibroblast growth factor type 2, FGF2) and pro-opiomelanocortin N-terminal peptides, N-POMC, might also be involved. The mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways: ERK, JNK and p38, together with other signaling pathways such as PKA, PKC and PI3K/Akt are important for cells trophic definition. We analyze the importance of these pathways and their influence in viability, proliferation and cell death stimulated by ACTH, FGF2 and N-POMC, using pharmacological and molecular inhibitors in primary culture of adrenocortical cells, glomerulosa and fasciculata/reticularis cells. Our results show that the mediating signaling pathways involved in FGF2 and N-POMC proliferative effects are, respectively, ERK/JNK and ERK/JNK/Akt. On the other hand, the pro-apoptotic response promoted by ACTH is through p38 signaling, probably associated with the absence of activation of other pathways involved with cell survival, like ERK and JNK.
 
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Publishing Date
2011-11-10
 
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