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Tesis Doctoral
DOI
10.11606/T.38.2018.tde-20052018-174432
Documento
Autor
Nombre completo
Willian Massaharu Ohara
Dirección Electrónica
Instituto/Escuela/Facultad
Área de Conocimiento
Fecha de Defensa
Publicación
São Paulo, 2018
Director
Tribunal
Menezes, Naercio Aquino (Presidente)
Lima, Flavio Cesar Thadeo de
Nihei, Silvio Shigueo
Pinna, Mario Cesar Cardoso de
Zuanon, Jansen Alfredo Sampaio
Título en portugués
Endemismo e análise biogeográfica dos peixes da Bacia do Rio Madeira
Palabras clave en portugués
América do Sul
bacia Amazônica
conservação
distribuição
peixes
Resumen en portugués
South America, Amazon basin, fishes, distribution, conservation
Título en inglés
Endemism and biogeographic analysis of the fish from the rio Madeira basin
Palabras clave en inglés
Amazon basin
conservation
distribution
fishes
South America
Resumen en inglés
The rio Madeira is the main tributary of the Amazon basin in discharge, suspended sediments and drainage area. This river also has a high fish diversity, probably the largest among the Amazonian rivers and one of the largest among other rivers of the world. Although this diversity has been gradually revealed, more intensively in recent years, the knowledge of the endemic species and the most important areas to be conserved, is inferior to the degree of anthropogenic action on the system. Studies on areas of endemism are scarce and generally involve terrestrial organisms. Several rivers have been completely altered in the rio Madeira basin by large hydropower plants in the Andes and along of the basin, which, together with illegal mining and one of the highest deforestation rates, makes of the rio Madeira one of the most threatened tributaries of the Amazon basin. The ichthyofauna from the Madeira River is approached in the context of historical knowledge, endemisms, distribution patterns, biogeography, areas endemism and conservation. The first chapter addresses the history of the ichthyological knowledge of the Madeira River basin, from the contribution of the first naturalists to contemporaneous ichthyologists. In the second and third chapters, endemisms, distribution patterns and areas of endemism are discussed from a conservationist perspective.
 
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Fecha de Liberación
2020-05-23
Fecha de Publicación
2018-06-18
 
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