• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.3.1998.tde-09052001-151514
Document
Author
Full name
Marcelo Kenji Miki
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 1998
Supervisor
Committee
Alem Sobrinho, Pedro (President)
Coraucci Filho, Bruno
Ferreira Filho, Sidney Seckler
Title in Portuguese
Utilização de polímeros para condicionamento de lodo de ETE para desidratação em filtro prensa de placas.
Keywords in Portuguese
condicionamento
desaguamento
desidratação
filtro prensa
lodo de ETE
Abstract in Portuguese
Este estudo procurou investigar a utilização de polímeros para condicionamento de lodo de ETE para desidratação em filtro prensa de placa e verificar as eventuais vantagens em relação ao condicionamento com cal e cloreto férrico. Para isso foram realizadas pesquisa bibliográfica, consulta a fornecedores de polímeros e de equipamentos e trabalhos experimentais em laboratório e em escala piloto com lodo gerado nos digestores anaeróbios da ETE Barueri da SABESP que mostrava interesse em fazer o condicionamento do lodo com polímeros. Atualmente, na ETE Barueri o condicionamento de lodo é feito com cal e cloreto férrico, com dosagens em torno de 25% e 10% respectivamente e a desidratação em filtro prensa de placas, com tempo de ciclo de 4 horas, produz tortas com 40% de teor de sólidos e densidade de 1,20 kg/L. Nos experimentos foram utilizados polímeros catiônicos de alto peso molecular. O equipamento piloto utilizado foi um filtro prensa de placa do tipo membrana diafragma com dez placas de 800 x 800 mm. Nos ensaios do filtro prensa piloto, com a utilização de polímero em pó para o condicionamento de lodo, indicou-se uma redução nos custos de produtos químicos consumidos em relação ao condicionamento com cal e cloreto férrico. O condicionamento com polímero em pó e cloreto férrico, com dosagens respectivamente de 4,83 kg/ton e 6,3%, resultou numa torta com teor de sólidos de 31% e densidade de 1,13 kg/L. Já o condicionamento feito somente com polímero em pó, com dosagem de 5,38 kg/ton, resultou numa torta com teor de sólidos de 30% e densidade de 1,08 kg/L, porém apresentou problemas na soltura das tortas. A utilização de polímeros permitiu trabalhar em taxas iniciais de filtração mais altas, resultando num tempo de filtração em torno de 120 minutos, implicando em tempos de ciclo mais curtos.
Title in English
Utilization of polymers for the conditioning of the sludge generated at Wastewater Treatment Plants (WTP) for dewatering at filter presses.
Keywords in English
conditioning
dewatering
filter press
Wastewater treatment plant sludge
Abstract in English
This study investigated the utilization of polymers for the conditioning of the sludge generated at Wastewater Treatment Plants (WTP) for dewatering at filter presses, verifying the eventual advantages in comparison with the conditioning with lime and ferric chloride. Specific bibliography was researched, polymer and equipment suppliers were consulted and experimental studies were carried out at the laboratory and in a pilot scale. The sludge was generated at the anaerobic digesters of Barueri WTP operated by SABESP which has shown interest in this method. Currently, at Barueri WTP the sludge conditioning is performed with lime and ferric chloride at dosages around 25% and 10%, respectively. The dewatering is processed by filter presses during a cycle period of 4 hours, producing cakes with 40% of solids and a density of 1,20 kg/L. The experimental studies were carried out with high molecular weight cationic polymers. The pilot equipment consisted of a filter press with a diaphragm membrane with 10 plates measuring 800 x 800 mm each. During the tests at the pilot filter press, when dry polymers for sludge conditioning were utilized, it was verified that the cost of chemical products consumed was reduced in comparison with the conditioning with lime and ferric chloride. The sludge conditioning with dry polymers and ferric chloride at respective dosages of 4,83 kg/ton and 6,3% resulted in cakes with 31% of solids and density of 1,38 kg/L. On the other hand, the sludge conditioned only with dry polymers at a dosage of 5,38 kg/ton resulted in cakes with 30% of solids and density of 1,08 kg/L, but the cake release from the plates was difficult. The utilization of polymers allowed higher initial filtration rates resulting in a 120 minute filtration period with a consequent reduction of the cycle time.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
Mestrado.pdf (3.77 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2001-05-14
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
Centro de Informática de São Carlos
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2019. All rights reserved.