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Master's Dissertation
DOI
Document
Author
Full name
Alexandre Bellegard Farina
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
Goldenstein, Hélio (President)
Alonso-Falleiros, Neusa
Campos, Marcos Flávio de
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação da seqüência de transformações de fases do aço AISI 430 convencional.
Keywords in Portuguese
AISI 430
Análise Rietveld
Metalurgia física
Thermocalc
Transformações de fases
Abstract in Portuguese
Este trabalho visa caracterizar a seqüência de precipitação do aço inoxidável ferrítico do tipo AISI 430 convencional, durante a etapa de laminação a quente. Esta caracterização foi realizada através do estudo de três condições industriais e de seis condições tratadas termicamente. Todas as amostras foram avaliadas por microscopia ótica e eletrônica de varredura, extração de precipitados e difração de raios-X do material como um todo e dos precipitados extraídos. Foi realizada a modelagem termodinâmica do aço utilizando-se o programa ThermoCalc® v.R aliado ao banco de dados TCFE2. Como meio de prever a cinética das transformações de fases, de modo superficial, foi realizado um ensaio de análise térmica diferencial com três taxas de resfriamento com redução progressiva (10°/min, 5°/min e 2°/min), sendo os resultados comparados com os resultados experimentais obtidos pelas demais técnicas empregadas. O aço AISI 430 convencional mostrou-se bifásico a alta temperatura, apresentando o campo bifásico (ferrita/austenita) entre 900°C e 1250°C. Após tratamentos térmicos por 5h nas temperaturas de 900°C, 1000°C e 1100°C, seguido de têmpera em água e partindo-se da condição laminado a quente e recozido (BQB), o aço apresentou microestrutura dúplex (ferrita/martensita). As amostras tratadas a 900°C e 1000°C apresentaram pequenas frações residuais de carbonetos do tipo M23C6. As amostras tratadas a 600°C, 700°C, e 800°C por 5h e temperadas em água mostraram-se ferríticas com presença de carboneto do tipo M23C6 com teores de carboneto decrescentes com o aumento da temperatura do tratamento térmico. As amostras da condição industrial e as amostras tratadas a 600°C, 700°C, 800°C e a 900°C apresentaram a presença de nitretos do tipo (Cr,Fe)2N, sendo que a amostra tratada a 900°C apresentou apenas resíduos deste nitreto, em pleno acordo com a termodinâmica computacional que prevê decomposição deste na temperatura de 866°C, indicando que a cinética de decomposição deste nitreto é lenta. A temperatura de precipitação do carboneto do tipo M23C6 rico em (Cr,Fe)23C6 foi avaliada entre 900°C e 1000°C.
Title in English
Characterization of the phase transformations sequence for conventional AISI 430 steel.
Keywords in English
AISI 430
Phase transformations
Physical metallurgy
Rietveld analysis
Thermocalc
Abstract in English
This work aims to characterize the precipitation path of the conventional ferritic stainless steel AISI 430, during the hot rolling process. This characterization had been carried out with the study of three industrial conditions, and six thermal treated conditions. All the samples were evaluated by optical and scanning electron microscopy, by extraction of precipitates and X-Ray diffraction of the bulk material and of the extracted precipitates. It was done a thermodynamic modeling of the steel with the use of the ThermoCalc® v.R program and TCFE2 data base. In a way to determine the phase transformations kinetics, in a superficial way, it was carried out differential thermal analysis with three cooling rates progressively reduced (10°/min, 5°/min e 2°/min), all the results were compared wit h the experimental results got with the others techniques employed. The conventional AISI 430 steel is two-phase at high temperatures, showing a two-phase field (ferrite/austenite) between 900°C and 1250°C. After the thermal treatments for 5h, steel in the hot rolled and annealed (BQB) initial condition, at 900°C, 1000°C and 1100°C, followed by water quench, the steel showed a duplex microstructure (ferrite/martensite). The samples heat treated at 900°C and 1000°C showed a residual volumetric fraction of the M23C6 carbide. The samples heat treated for 5h at 600°C, 700°C and 800°C and water quenched showed a ferritic microstructure with the presence of M23C6 carbide, with its content decreasing with the heat treatment temperature increase. The samples in the industrial condition and the samples heat treated at 600°C, 700°C, 800°C and at 900°C showed a (Cr,Fe) 2N nitrite presence, the sample heat treated at 900°C showed only a residual volumetric fraction of it. This is in great deal with the computational thermodynamic modeling that predicts nitride decomposition at 866°C, indic ating that the nitrite decomposition kinetic is slow. The precipitation temperature of the M23C6 carbide rich in (Cr,Fe)23C6 was evaluated between 900°C and 1000°C.
 
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Publishing Date
2010-09-03
 
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