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Master's Dissertation
Document
Author
Full name
Rildo Rodrigues Goulart
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Garcia, Clóvis (President)
Costa, Felisberto Sabino da
Cruz, Celso Alves
Title in Portuguese
Édipo rei: as relações entre édipo e Jocasta
Keywords in Portuguese
Édipo Rei
Jocasta
Péricles
Sófocles
Tragédia Grega
Abstract in Portuguese
O texto da tragédia grega Édipo Rei de Sófocles, do século V a.C., permite até os dias de hoje inúmeros estudos sobre seu mito, face a tamanha riqueza existente em seu mitologema. Pressuposto a tantas pesquisas existentes, elaboramos uma visão inerente aos estudos realizados, compondo uma dissertação comparativa, revisitando o texto de Sófocles e incluindo uma nova ótica sobre a tragédia do rei de Tebas. Porém, antes de mergulharmos na essência do mito, procuramos entender a tragédia grega e seu período de existência. Da mesma forma, investigamos o homem Sófocles, artista e poeta na sociedade em que viveu, e suas relações sociais e políticas com seu amigo e estrategista Péricles. Ponto imprescindível da dissertação é a constatação de que Sófocles fundiu em um só personagem feminino a figura das duas esposas de Laio, condensadas em Jocasta. Tornada mãe e esposa de Édipo, o personagem de Jocasta aumentou profundamente o efeito dramático desejado pelo autor grego, criando um dos maiores textos trágicos da antiguidade que chegaram até hoje. Sem perder a essência do texto sofocliano, decodificamos o mito em suas diversas vertentes, situamos as condições sociais nas relações da mulher no século V a.C., e, assim, estabelecemos as relações que envolveram Édipo e Jocasta no conjunto poético da tragédia reelaborada por Sófocles.
Title in English
Édipo rei: as relações entre édipo e Jocasta
Keywords in English
Greek Tragedy
Jocasta
Oedipus Rex
Pericles
Sophocles
Abstract in English
The text of the Greek tragedy Oedipus Rex, by Sophocles, 5th century BC, allows us, until the present days, to make innumerous studies about its myth, due to the immense richness of its mythologem. Considering so many existing researches, we have elaborated a vision inherent to the studies already done, writing a comparative dissertation, revisiting Sophoclestext and throwing some new light upon the tragedy of the King of Thebes. However, before plunging into the essence of the myth, we have tried to understand the Greek tragedy and its existing context. In the same way, we have investigated the man Sophocles, artist and poet in the society he lived in, and his social and political relationship with his friend and strategist Pericles. The essential point of the dissertation is the thesis that Sophocles has melted, in a single feminine character, the profiles of the two wives of Laius, condensed in Jocasta. Transformed into mother and wife of Edipo, the character Jocasta deeply increased the dramatic effect desired by the Greek author, creating one of the greatest tragic text of antiquity that have arrived to present days. Without losing the essence of the sophoclean text, we have decoded the myth in its various aspects, contextualized the social conditions of the womens relations in the 5th century BC, and, finally, we have established the relations that involved Edipo and Jocasta in the poetic set of the tragedy re-elaborated by Sophocles.
 
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Publishing Date
2010-11-09
 
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