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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.25.2019.tde-23012019-155427
Document
Author
Full name
Nicole Rosa de Freitas
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Bauru, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Almeida, Ana Lúcia Pompéia Fraga de (President)
Macedo, Rander Moreira
Oliveira, Pedro Cesar Garcia de
Souza, Sergio Luis Scombatti de
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação do efeito do laser de baixa intensidade na regeneração de defeitos ósseos de tamanho crítico preenchidos com osso autógeno ou xenógeno associados à membrana colágena
Keywords in Portuguese
Lasers
Regeneração
Transplante ósseo
Abstract in Portuguese
O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito do laser de baixa intensidade (LBI), na regeneração de defeitos de tamanho críticos preenchidos com osso autógeno ou Bio-Oss® associados à membrana colágena. O estudo foi conduzido em 120 defeitos críticos (5 mm) em calvárias de ratos machos (Rattus norvegicus, albinus, Wistar), pesando entre 250 a 300g, divididos em 12 grupos experimentais (n=10): 1) Grupo C (Controle coágulo sanguíneo); 2) Grupo M (membrana colágena- BioGide®); 3) L (laser de baixa intensidade, GaAlAs, 808 nm, 100 mW, 6J, 210 J/cm2); 4) Grupo OA (osso autógeno); 5) Grupo OA/L (osso autógeno + LBI) 6) Grupo OA/M (osso autógeno + membrana colágena); 7) Grupo L/M (LBI + membrana colágena); 8) Grupo OA/L/M (osso autógeno + LBI + membrana colágena); 9) Grupo BO (Bio-Oss®); 10) Grupo BO/M ( Bio-Oss® + membrana colágena) 11) Grupo BO/L (Bio-Oss®+ LBI); 12) Grupo BO/L/M (Bio-Oss® + LBI + membrana colágena). Aos 30 dias pós-operatórios os animais foram sacrificados e após o processamento tecidual, foram realizadas análises histológica, histométrica e estatística. Os dados foram submetidos ao teste paramétrico ANOVA, seguido pelo teste de Tukey (p<0,05). As variáveis analisadas foram: área de osso neoformado (AON) e área de partículas residuais (APR). Todos os grupos apresentaram maiores quantidades de AON quando comparados ao grupo C (9,96% ± 4,49%). Quando o LBI foi associado aos biomateriais apresentou diferença estatística signicativa somente no grupo BO/L (48,57% ± 28,22%, p < 0,05). Menor APR foi encontrada nos grupos irradiados pelo LBI, com diferença estatística significativa para o grupo BO/L (16,74% ± 15,25%, p < 0,05). O LBI possui efeito positivo na regeneração óssea de DTC, e embora na análise estatística tenha apresentado diferença significante somente quando aplicado sobre o Bio-Oss®, na análise histomorfométrica foi possível observar formação óssea em extensões variadas nos demais grupos.
Title in English
Evaluation of the effect of low-level laser therapy on the regeneration of critical size defects filled with autogenous bone or xenogenous bone associated to collagenous membrane
Keywords in English
Bone transplantation
Lasers
Regeneration
Abstract in English
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effect of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on guided bone regeneration of critical size defects filled with autogenous bone or Bio- Oss® associated with the collagen membrane. The study was conducted in 120 critical size defects (5mm) in male rats (Rattus norvegicus, albinus, Wistar),weighing between 250 and 300g, divided into 12 experimental groups (n = 10): 1) Group C (control only blood clot); 2) Group M (collagen membrane- BioGide®); 3) Group LLLT (low-level laser therapy, GaAlAs, 808 nm, 100 mW, 6J, 210 J/cm2); 4) Group AB (autogenous bone); 5) Group AB/LLLT (autogenous bone + LLLT); 6) Group AB/M (autogenous bone + collagen membrane); 7); Group LLLT/M (LLLT + collagen membrane) 8) Group AB/LLLT/M (autogenous bone + LLLT + collagen membrane); 9) Group BO (Bio-Oss®); 10) Group BO/M (Bio-Oss® + collagen membrane) 11) Group BO/LLLT (Bio-Oss® + LLLT), 12) Group BO/LLLT/M Bio- Oss® + LLLT + collagen membrane). The animals were killed 30 days postoperatively. After tissue processing, bone regeneration was evaluated by histomorphometric and statistical analysis was performed (Tukey test, p<0,05). The variables analyzed were the area of newly formed bone (NFB) and residual particle area (RPA). All groups presented greater amounts of AON when compared to group C (9,96% ± 4,49%). When LBI was associated with biomaterials, it showed a significant statistical difference only in the BO/L group (48,57% ± 28,22%, p<0,05). Smaller APR was found in the groups irradiated by LBI, with a significant statistical difference for BO/L group (16,74% ± 15,25%, p<0,05). LBI has a positive effect on bone regeneration of DTC, and although in the statistical analysis it presented significant difference only when applied on Bio-Oss®, in the histomorphometric analysis it was possible to observe bone formation in varied extensions in the other groups.
 
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Publishing Date
2019-01-25
 
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