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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.25.2008.tde-16102008-092246
Document
Author
Full name
Cláudia Ayumi Nakai Kobayashi
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Bauru, 2008
Supervisor
Committee
Buzalaf, Marília Afonso Rabelo (President)
Oliveira, Rodrigo Cardoso de
Palma, Mario Sergio
Title in Portuguese
Análise proteômica em urina e rim de ratos submetidos a tratamento crônico com flúor
Keywords in Portuguese
Eletroforese bidimensional
Espectrometria de massa
Fluoretos
Proteômica
Rim
Urina
Abstract in Portuguese
Metodologia proteômica baseada em eletroforese bi-dimensional (2D-PAGE) foi usada para auxiliar no entendimento dos mecanismos moleculares envolvidos na injúria renal induzida pelo flúor (F) e definir biomarcadores potenciais para fluorose. Três grupos de ratos Wistar machos recém-desmamados (21 dias de vida) foram tratados com água de beber contendo 0 (controle), 5 ou 50 ppm F, por 60 dias (n=6/grupo). Durante o período experimental, os animais foram mantidos individualmente me gaiolas metabólicas, a fim de que o consumo de água e ração fosse avaliado, bem como as excreções urinária e fecal de F. Os animais foram mortos e o rim esquerdo e o soro foram coletados para análises histopatológica e de F, respectivamente. Para análise proteômica foram coletados o rim direito e a urina (no dia anterior ao sacrifício, num coquetel contendo inibidores de protease em gelo). Após o isolamento das proteínas, os perfis proteômicos renal e urinário foram examinados usando 2D-PAGE e coloração com azul de Coomassie brilhante. Foi possível detectar uma doseresposta em relação à ingestão e excreção de F, bem como em relação aos níveis de F presentes no soro e nos rins dos animais. As análises histológicas não revelaram danos aos rins induzidos pelo F, com exceção de uma congestão vascular no grupo de 50 ppm F. Para os rins, a análise quantitativa de intensidade (software Image Máster Platinum, alterações de 2 vezes) revelou 30 e 17 proteínas diferencialmente expressas, respectivamente, entre os grupos controle X 50 ppm F e controle X 5 ppm F. Para a urina, 9, 10 e 13 proteínas aumentaram ou diminuíram nos grupos controle X 5 ppm F, 5 ppm F X 50 ppm F e controle X 50 ppm F, respectivamente. Nove proteínas foram identificadas satisfatoriamente por MALDI-TOF TOF MS. As proteínas identificadas estão relacionadas principalmente ao metabolismo, desintoxicação e housekeeping. Esses dados indicam que a análise proteômica de rim e urina de animais tratados com F é capaz de identificar proteínas diferencialmente expressas, mesmo em casos de baixas doses de F. Assim, essa ferramenta pode contribuir para o entendimento dos mecanismos envolvidos na fluorose, apontando proteínas-chave que deveriam ser melhor investigadas, bem como potenciais biomarcadores de toxicidade.
Title in English
Proteomic analysis of urine kidney in fluoride-treated rat
Keywords in English
Fluoride
Kidney
Mass spectrometry
Proteomics
Two-dimensional electrophoresis
Urine
Abstract in English
Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2D-PAGE) based proteomics approach was used to better understand the molecular mechanisms of renal injury induced by fluoride (F) and define potentials biomarkers of fluorosis. Three groups of weanling male Wistar rats (21 days old) were treated with drinking water containing 0 (control), 5, or 50 ppm F for 60 days (n=6/group). During the experimental period, the animals were kept individually in metabolic cages, in order to analyze the water and food consumption, as well as fecal and urinary F excretion. Animals were killed and left kidney and serum were collected for histopathological examination and F analysis, respectively. For proteomic analysis, right kidney and urine (one day before sacrifice, in protease-inhibitors cocktail for 8 hours in ice box) were collected. After protein isolation, renal and urinary proteome profiles were examined using 2D-PAGE and coomassie brilliant blue staining. It was possible to detect a dose-response regarding F intake and F excretion, as well as F levels in serum and kidneys. The histological analysis revealed no damage in kidneys induced by F, except for a vascular congestion in the 50 ppm F group. For kidney, quantitative intensity analysis (Image Master Platinum software, 2-fold changes) revealed 30 and 17 differentially expressed proteins between control X 50 ppm F, and control X 5 ppm F groups, respectively. As for urine, 9, 10 and 13 proteins increased or decreased in control X 5 ppm F, 5 ppm F X 50 ppm F and control X 50 ppm F groups, respectively. Nine proteins were successfully identified by MALDI-TOF TOF MS. The identified proteins are mainly related with metabolism, detoxification and housekeeping. These data indicate that proteomic analysis in kidney and urine of F-treated animals is able to identify differentially expressed proteins, even in cases of low F doses. Thus, this approach can contribute for the understanding of the mechanisms underlying fluorosis, by indicating key-proteins that should be better addressed, as well as potential toxicity biomarkers.
 
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Publishing Date
2008-10-16
 
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