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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.23.2016.tde-25022016-163317
Document
Author
Full name
Daniella Moraes Antunes
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2015
Supervisor
Committee
Nunes, Fabio Daumas (President)
Corrêa, Luciana
Pinto Júnior, Décio dos Santos
Rodrigues, Maria Fernanda Setúbal Destro
Santos, Marinilce Fagundes dos
Title in Portuguese
Efeito dos tratamentos com ácido acetilsalicílico e celecoxibe na expressão de citocinas e no comportamento de linhagens celulares de carcinoma epidermoide de boca
Keywords in Portuguese
AAS
Ácido acetilsalicílico
Câncer de boca
Carcinoma epidermoide oral
Celecoxibe
Citocinas
Inflamação
Quimiocinas
Abstract in Portuguese
Quatro décadas de pesquisas mostraram que muitos mecanismos inflamatórios estão intrinsecamente ligados ao desenvolvimento e manutenção do câncer, e ainda, que as citocinas inflamatórias exercem papel primordial nessa relação. Os anti-inflamatórios não esteroides (AINEs) podem reduzir o desenvolvimento neoplásico por afetar a produção de citocinas inflamatórias pelas células neoplásicas. No entanto, até o momento não foi bem definido se o tratamento com AINEs é capaz de modular a expressão de citocinas inflamatórias por células do carcinoma epidermoide oral (CEO). O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a expressão de citocinas inflamatórias em linhagens celulares de CEO após tratamento com ácido acetilsalicílico (AAS) e celecoxibe (CLX). Foi realizado screening da expressão de 84 citocinas e quimiocinas, através de PCR array, das linhagens SCC4, 9 e 25 tratadas com doses de AAS e CLX próximas às concentrações plasmáticas dos fármacos em humanos. Os resultados mostraram que AAS e CLX modularam a expressão de citocinas e que as linhagens responderam de maneira diferente aos tratamentos. Observou-se aumento de expressão de citocinas pró-inflamatórias como a IL-1?, IL-8 e TNF na SCC9 e 25, assim como diminuição de expressão de ACKR4 e CXCL10 na SCC4 e 9.
Title in English
Effect of treatment with aspirin and celecoxib on the expression of cytokines and behavior of cell lines of squamous cell carcinoma
Keywords in English
Acetylsalicylic acid
Aspirin
Celecoxib
Chemokines
Cytokines
Inflammation
Oral Cancer
Oral squamous cell carcinoma
Abstract in English
Four decades of research have shown that many inflammatory mechanisms are intrinsically linked to the development and maintenance of cancer and that inflammatory cytokines play pivotal role in this association. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can reduce neoplastic growth on affecting the production of inflammatory cytokines by the neoplastic cells. So far, it is not well established if the treatment with NSAIDs can modulate the expression of inflammatory cytokines by OSCC cells. The objective of this study was to evaluate the expression of inflammatory cytokines by OSCC cell lines after treatment with acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and celecoxib (CLX). Eighty-four cytokines and chemokines mRNA expression were screened by PCR array on SCC4, 9 and 25 cell lines treated with ASA and CLX at plasma concentrations in humans. The results showed that ASA and CLX modulate the expression of cytokines with all cell lines responding differently to the treatments. Increased expression of proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-1?, IL-8 and TNF in SCC9 and 25, and reduced expression of ACKR4 and CXCL10 in SCC4 and 9, was observed. Thus it follows that the treatments of lines SCC4, SCC9 and SCC25 with ASA and CLX at the next plasma concentrations in humans are able to modulate the gene expression of inflammatory cytokines.
 
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Publishing Date
2016-03-07
 
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