• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.23.2008.tde-09042009-113747
Document
Author
Full name
Fabiana Martins e Martins
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2008
Supervisor
Committee
Ortega, Karem Lopez (President)
Casseb, Jorge Simão do Rosário
Magalhães, Marina Helena Cury Gallottini de
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação clínica de alterações bucais em pacientes soropositivos para o HTLV
Keywords in Portuguese
ATL
Epidemiologia
HTLV
TSP/HAM
Abstract in Portuguese
O HTLV-1 (Human T-Lymphotropic Virus) foi o primeiro retrovírus descoberto. Sua patogenia é relacionada à infecção das células T CD4+ e T CD8+ e sua disseminação depende da expansão clonal destas células. A imortalização celular e a resposta imune inflamatória direta contra o vírus levam os pacientes a desenvolverem a leucemia/ linfoma de células T do adulto (ATL) e paraparesia espástica tropical/mielopatia (TSP/HAM) respectivamente. Ainda que o vírus seja conhecido desde 1980, não existem trabalhos na literatura que evidenciem possíveis manifestações bucais associadas. Alguns estudos clínico-epidemiológicos, realizados em regiões altamente endêmicas para o vírus, apontam a possibilidade de associação entre o HTLV e a síndrome de Sjögren (SS). Este estudo objetivou conhecer melhor uma população HTLV+ identificando possíveis alterações estomatológicas. Foram avaliados 139 pacientes do Instituto de Infectologia Emilio Ribas, sendo que 112 (80,5%) eram HTLV-1+, 26 eram (18,7%) HTLV-2 + e 1 paciente era soropositivo para ambos os tipos virais. Entre os pacientes HTLV-1+, 88 (64,7%) eram assintomáticos e 48 (35,3%) apresentavam TSP/HAM. As alterações bucais mais freqüentes foram: xerostomia (26,5%), candidíase (25,4%), língua fissurada (22,1%) e língua depapilada (12,4%). Modelos de regressão logística multivariada confirmaram a TSP/HAM como um fator de risco independente para xerostomia (p=0,02), apresentando, pacientes TSP/HAM+, 3 vezes mais chances de desenvolver xerostomia quando comparados com pacientes sem TSP/HAM (OR=2,69; 95%IC=1,17-6,17).
Title in English
Clinical evaluation of oral changes in patients seropositive for the HTLV
Keywords in English
ATL
Epidemiology
HTLV
TSP/HAM
Abstract in English
HTLV-1 (human T-lymphotropic virus), the first retrovirus discovered, is associated with adult T cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) and tropical spastic paraparesis / HTLV associated myelopathy (TSP / HAM). Clinical studies and case reports in endemic areas showed the development of oral ALT and Sjögren`s syndrome in this patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the oral cavity of HTLV seropositive patients in São Paulo city. The present study was approved by the Institute of Infectious Diseases Emílio Ribas ethics committee. All patients answered a questionnaire designed for the study. Demographic and clinical data were recorded and then analyzed using Epi info (3.3.4 version) and SPSS Statistical Package for Social Sciences (v16.0). One hundred and thirty nine oral examinations were performed, 112 (80,5%) were HTLV-1 +, 26 were (18,7%) HTLV-2 + and one patient presented both types of HTLV. Sixty four (56,7%) were asymptomatic HTLV-1 seropositive patients, fourty nine (43,3%) patients were positive for HTLV-1 and TSP/HAM. HIV and HCV co-infection and comorbities were observed in 110 (79,1%) cases. Xerostomia (26,5%), candidosis (25,4%), oral fissured tongue (22,1%) and papillary atrophy of the tongue (12,4%) were the most prevalent oral manifestations found in these patients. Models of multivariate logistic regression confirmed the TSP / HAM as an independent risk factor for xerostomia (p = 0.02). Patients with TSP / HAM + were 3 times more likely to develop xerostomia when compared with patients without TSP / HAM (OR = 2.69, 95% CI = 1.17-6.17).
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
Publishing Date
2009-12-12
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
Centro de Informática de São Carlos
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2019. All rights reserved.