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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.23.2018.tde-15082018-095457
Document
Author
Full name
Tábata Larissa Santos Pólvora
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Motta, Ana Carolina Fragoso (President)
Lotufo, Mônica Andrade
Lourenço, Alan Grupioni
Sugaya, Norberto Nobuo
Title in Portuguese
Influência do tratamento periodontal não-cirúrgico na contagem oral de Candida spp, e nos níveis salivares de lactoferrina e histatina, em pacientes infectados pelo HIV-1 apresentando periodontite crônica
Keywords in Portuguese
Candida spp
HIV-1
peptídeos antimicrobianos
periodontite crônica
saliva
Abstract in Portuguese
Estudos atuais revelam que, mesmo na era da terapia antirretroviral (TARV), a infecção pelo HIV-1 é associada com quadros graves e frequentemente refratários de periodontite crônica (PC), despertando para a possibilidade da existência de outros fatores associados ao desenvolvimento da PC nesses pacientes. Acredita-se que fatores relacionados à população microbiana, incluindo as infecções por Candida spp, e a expressão de peptídeos microbianos possam estar envolvidos na patogênese da PC em pacientes infectados pelo HIV-1. O objetivo desse estudo foi determinar a influência do tratamento periodontal não-cirúrgico, na contagem oral de Candida spp, e nos níveis salivares de lactoferrina (Lf) e histatina, por meio de um estudo quase-experimental. Pacientes infectados (Grupo 1) e não infectados pelo HIV-1 (Grupo 2 - controle), todos com PC, foram submetidos à terapia periodontal não cirúrgica. Os pacientes do grupo 1 apresentaram contagem de linfócitos T CD4+ < 200cel/mm3, e estavam em TARV regular. Foi avaliada a contagem de unidades formadoras de colônias (UFC) de Candida spp por meio de enxaguado bucal e níveis salivares de Lf e histatina antes (Tempo 0-1) e após a terapia periodontal (Tempo 2 e 3; 30 e 90 dias após o tratamento, respectivamente). Pacientes do grupo 1 apresentaram contagem de UFC superiores à verificada nos pacientes do grupo 2 (p=0, 268; ANOVAF). Houve tendência a redução de UFC após o tratamento periodontal em ambos os grupos, mas sem diferenças estatisticamente significantes. Os níveis de Lf foram semelhantes entre os grupos, e reduziram 30 dias após o tratamento periodontal (p=0,0111; Mann Whitney). Os níveis salivares de histatina ao tempo 0 foram mais elevados no grupo 1 quando comparado ao grupo 2 (p= 0,6481; Tukey-kramer), mas tiveram comportamento distinto após o tratamento periodontal: foram mais elevados no grupo 1 e reduziram no grupo 2. Estes resultados sugerem a associação entre a presença de Candida spp e a PC, e também a importância da manutenção da higiene oral na prevenção da candidíase. Além disso, Lf salivar pode ser um marcador da PC, tanto em pacientes não-infectados, quanto infectados pelo HIV.
Title in English
Influence of non-surgical periodontal treatment on the oral Candida spp count, and salivary levels of lactoferrin and histatin, in HIV-1-infected patients with chronic periodontitis
Keywords in English
antimicrobial peptides
Candida spp
chronic periodontitis
HIV-1
saliva
Abstract in English
Current studies reveal that, even in the era of antiretroviral therapy (ART), HIV-1 infection is associated with severe and frequently refractory chronic periodontitis (CP), which leads to the possibility of other factors associated with the development of CP in these patients. It is believed that factors related to the microbial population, including Candida spp infections, and the expression of microbial peptides may be involved in the pathogenesis of CP in patients infected with HIV-1. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of non-surgical periodontal treatment on the oral count of Candida spp and on the salivary levels of lactoferrin (Lf) and histatin, by means of a quasi-experimental study. Patients infected (Group 1) and non-HIV-1 infected (Group 2 - control), all with CP, underwent non-surgical periodontal therapy. Patients in group 1 had a CD4 + T-cell count <200cel / mm³, and were on regular ART. The counts of colony forming units (CFU) of Candida spp were evaluated by oral rinsing and salivary levels of Lf and histatin before (Time 0-1) and after periodontal therapy (Time 2 and 3, 30 and 90 days after the treatment, respectively). Patients in group 1 had a higher CFU count than in patients in group 2 (p = 0.268; ANOVAF). There was a tendency to reduce CFU after periodontal treatment in both groups, but without statistically significant differences. Lf levels were similar between groups, and reduced 30 days after periodontal treatment (p = 0.0111; Mann Whitney). Salivary levels of histatin at time 0 were higher in group 1 when compared to group 2 (p = 0.6481; Tukey-Kramer), but had distinct behavior after periodontal treatment: they were higher in group 1 and reduced in group 2. These results suggest the association between the presence of Candida spp and CP, and also the importance of maintaining oral hygiene in the prevention of candidiasis. In addition, Lf salivary can be a marker of CP in both uninfected and HIV infected patients.
 
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Publishing Date
2018-08-17
 
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