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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.18.2012.tde-05092012-163002
Document
Author
Full name
Robert Becerra El Hage
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Fabbri, Glauco Tulio Pessa (President)
Faxina, Adalberto Leandro
Rodrigues, John Kennedy Guedes
Title in Portuguese
Estudo de misturas asfálticas tipo Stone Matrix Asphalt (SMA) à luz dos compactadores Marshall e Superpave
Keywords in Portuguese
compactador giratório
compactador Marshall
energia de compactação
fadiga por tensão controlada
misturas asfálticas tipo SMA
módulo de resiliência
resistência à tração
Abstract in Portuguese
Este trabalho teve como objetivo principal investigar, do ponto de vista volumétrico, qual seria o número de giros necessário, no Compactador Giratório Superpave (CGS), para produzir corpos de prova com características similares aos produzidos com a energia 50 golpes no compactador Marshall, para misturas tipo Stone Matrix Asphalt (SMA) com volume de vazios igual a 4%. Como complemento, realizaram-se dosagens no CGS com 100 giros, visando avaliar o impacto do aumento da energia de compactação no teor de projeto, também para volume de vazios igual a 4%, em comparação aos CPs compactados com o número de giros equivalente à Marshall determinada anteriormente. Foram utilizadas duas faixas granulométricas de misturas SMA: a com Tamanho Máximo Nominal (TMN) 7,93 mm do DER-SP e a com TMN 12,5 mm da AASHTO. Para todas as misturas foram avaliadas as propriedades mecânicas de corpos de prova com 4% de volume de vazios. Dos resultados dos ensaios concluiu-se que o número de giros no CGS para produzir misturas com volume de vazios igual a 4% nos teores de asfalto de trabalho Marshall são similares para as duas faixas granulométricas utilizadas. Por outro lado, a dosagem com 100 giros no CGS reduziu significativamente o teor de asfalto de trabalho para as duas faixas estudadas em comparação com os teores de trabalho obtidos das dosagens Marshall e no CGS com os números de giros equivalentes. Com relação às propriedades mecânicas, as resistências à tração e os módulos de resiliência dos corpos de prova produzidos com 100 giros no CGS são, de uma maneira geral, um pouco menores que os valores obtidos nos corpos de prova compactados no compactador Marshall, independente da faixa granulométrica, porém maiores que os valores obtidos para a compactação giratória nas energias equivalentes. A vida de fadiga para a faixa mais fina é significativamente maior para os corpos de prova compactados com 100 giros em comparação com a compactação Marshall e para a faixa mais grossa manteve-se na mesma ordem de grandeza da obtida para a compactação Marshall. Para as misturas ensaiadas, não foi constatado influência da compactação no dano causado pela umidade induzida
Title in English
Study of stone matrix asphalt (SMA) mixtures in the light of Marshall and superpave compactors
Keywords in English
energy of compaction
gyrations compactor
marshall compactor
resilient modulus
SMA asphalt mixtures
stress-controlled fatigue
tensile strength
Abstract in English
The aim of the work was to investigate, in terms of volumes properties, which would be the number of gyrations required in the Superpave Gyrations Compactor (SGC), to produce samples with characteristics similar to the energy produced with 50 blows in the Marshall Compactor, for Stone Matrix Asphalt (SMA) mixtures with voids content equal to 4%. As a complement, samples designed in the SGC with 100 gyrations, were made to evaluate the impact of increased compaction energy in the binder content, also for voids content equal to 4%, compared to the samples compacted with a number of gyrations equivalent to Marshall, as previously determined. It was used two different aggregates gradations for SMA mixtures: Nominal Maximum Size (NMS) 7,93 mm of the DER and the NMS 12,5 mm of the AASHTO. The mechanical properties of all samples were evaluated with voids content of 4%. The number of gyrations in the SGC to produce mixtures containing voids content equal to 4% for the Marshall`s binder content are similar for both aggregates gradations used. On the other hand, the SMA mixture design with 100 gyrations reduced the binder content for both gradations in comparison with the binder content obtained from Marshall Compaction and SGC with the equivalent number of gyrations. Concerning mechanical properties, the tensile strength and resilient modulus of the samples produced with 100 gyrations in the SGC are, generally, slightly lower than the values obtained with the samples compacted in the Marshall compactor, independent of the aggregate gradations, but higher than the values obtained with the samples compacted with a equivalent energy in the SGC. The fatigue life for the fine gradation (NMS=7,93mm) is significantly higher for the samples compacted in the SGC with 100 gyrations compared with the Marshall compaction, and for the coarse gradation (NMS=12,5 mm) remained in the same order of magnitude that of the Marshall compaction. It was not observed any influence of the compaction method in the induced damage caused by moisture
 
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Publishing Date
2013-03-21
 
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