• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.18.2016.tde-21032016-150822
Document
Author
Full name
Sergio Brasil Abreu
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2003
Supervisor
Committee
Zaiat, Marcelo (President)
Nour, Edson Aparecido Abdul
Pires, Eduardo Cleto
Title in Portuguese
Estudo do desempenho de reator anaeróbio-aeróbio de escoamento ascendente no tratamento de esgoto sanitário com espuma de poliuretano como suporte de imobilização da biomassa
Keywords in Portuguese
Biomassa imobilizada
Escoamento ascendente
Esgoto sanitário
Espuma de poliuretano
Reator de leito fixo
Tratamento anaeróbio-aeróbio
Abstract in Portuguese
O projeto consistiu na concepção e avaliação do desempenho de um sistema anaeróbio-aeróbio para tratamento de esgoto sanitário. O leito do reator foi dividido em quatro compartimentos de igual volume. Foi usada espuma de poliuretano para imobilização da biomassa e, para facilitar a partida do reator, esse material suporte foi previamente inoculado. O projeto teve três fases distintas: na primeira etapa, foi observada a importância da concentração de biomassa anaeróbia no desempenho de reator anaeróbio a princípio operado com metade do leito reacional com espuma e, a seguir, com o leito todo preenchido com espuma. Na segunda etapa, foram testados diferentes tempos de detenção hidráulica no reator que operou apenas em condições anaeróbias. Na última etapa foi operado o reator combinado anaeróbio-aeróbio. Ficou constatada a importância da concentração de microrganismos no desempenho do reator anaeróbio, pois com o aumento da quantidade de espuma, o reator atingiu resultados melhores e maior estabilidade operacional. Foi comprovada a influência do tempo de detenção hidráulica (TDH) no desempenho do reator. Tempos de detenção muito altos acarretam problemas de transferência de massa líquido-sólido, e baixos TDH dificultam adequada ação dos microrganismos. O melhor resultado para o reator em operação exclusivamente anaeróbia foi para o TDH de 10 horas, no qual se conseguiu reduzir a DQO de amostra bruta de 389 +/- 70 mg/L para 137 +/- 16 mg/L, em média. Para o reator operado anaeróbio-aeróbio a DQO de amostra bruta decresceu de 259 +/- 69 mg/L para 93 +/- 31 mg/L, em média. A comparação de todos os resultados obtidos, evidenciou a importância do pós-tratamento aeróbio na remoção de parcela de matéria orgânica não removida em tratamento unicamente anaeróbio.
Title in English
Study on the performance of an anaerobic-aerobic upflow reactor in the treatment of wastewater using polyurethane foam as a support for biomass immobilization
Keywords in English
Anaerobic-aerobic treatment
Fixed bed reactor
Immobilized biomass
Polyurethane foam
Upflow
Wastewater
Abstract in English
The project consisted in the design and performance evaluation of an anaerobic-aerobic system for wastewater treatment. Polyurethane foam was used for biomass immobilization and, to smooth the reactor start-up, this supporting material was previously inoculated. The project was divided in three distinct phases. In the first one, the importance of the anaerobic biomass concentration was observed in the performance of the anaerobic reactor in a way to operate the reactor primarily with half of the reaction bed filled with foam and subsequently operate it with the bed completely filled with foam. In the second phase, different times of hydraulic retention were tested with the reactor operating exclusively in anerobic conditions. In the third and last phase, an anaerobic-aerobic combined reactor was operated. It was possible to confirm the importance of microorganism concentration in the performance of the anaerobic reactor, since the increase in the amount of foam allowed the reactor to reach better results and greater operational stability. The influence of the hydraulic retention time in the reactor performance was also proved. Very high retention times cause problems in the liquid-solid mass transference, while low retention times do not allow an adequate action of microorganisms. The best result for the reactor with an exclusive anaerobic operation was the 10 hour retention time, when it was possible to reduce the COD of a 389 +/- 70 mg/L gross sample to a 137 +/- 16 mg/L in average. On the other hand, for the anaerobic-aerobic operating reactor, the COD of a gross sample dropped from 259 +/- 69 mg/ L to 93 +/- 31 mg/L in average. Finally, comparing all the obtained results, it was possible to verify the importance of the anaerobic post treatment in the removal of a part of the organic matter not removed in an exclusively anaerobic treatment.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
Publishing Date
2016-03-22
 
WARNING: The material described below relates to works resulting from this thesis or dissertation. The contents of these works are the author's responsibility.
  • ABREU, S B, e ZAIAT, M. Desempenho de Reator Anaeróbio-Aeróbio de Leito Fixo no Tratamento de Esgoto Sanitário [doi:10.1590/S1413-41522008000200008]. Engenharia Sanitária e Ambiental [online], 2008, vol. 13, p. 181-188.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
CeTI-SC/STI
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2019. All rights reserved.