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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.18.2016.tde-30032016-145123
Document
Author
Full name
Daniel de Lima Araújo
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2002
Supervisor
Committee
El Debs, Mounir Khalil (President)
Corrêa, Marcio Roberto Silva
Malite, Maximiliano
Melo, Guilherme Sales Soares de Azevedo
Shehata, Ibrahim Abd El Malik
Title in Portuguese
Cisalhamento entre viga e laje pré-moldadas ligadas mediante nichos preenchidos com concreto de alto desempenho
Keywords in Portuguese
Concreto pré-moldado
Concreto reforçado com fibras metálicas
Ligação de cisalhamento
Vigas compostas
Abstract in Portuguese
Neste trabalho, foram estudadas as vigas compostas formadas por viga e laje pré-moldadas de concreto. A ligação empregada na interface era constituída por conectores metálicos associados com concreto moldado no local. Os conectores eram formados por vergalhões de aço dobrados em forma de laço, que eram inseridos em nichos existentes na laje pré-moldada. A ligação era realizada preenchendo os nichos com concreto de alto desempenho. O objetivo foi caracterizar a ligação viga-laje e analisar o comportamento à flexão das vigas compostas com laje pré-moldada. Foram realizados ensaios de cisalhamento direto sob carregamento monotônico, tendo sido observados aumentos de 250% na resistência da ligação devido à substituição da ligação plana e lisa por outra com chave de cisalhamento. A partir desses ensaios, foi proposto um modelo analítico para representar o comportamento das ligações com chave de cisalhamento, considerando a influência da resistência do concreto, do diâmetro do conector e da adição de fibras metálicas à ligação. Foram realizados ensaios de cisalhamento direto com carregamento cíclico não reversível, tendo sido observado menores perdas de rigidez na ligação devido à adição de fibras. Os resultados de ensaios em vigas mostraram que a resistência à flexão da viga composta está diretamente relacionada com a resistência ao cisalhamento da interface. O dimensionamento adequado da interface garantiu à viga composta com laje pré-moldada um comportamento semelhante ao das vigas com laje moldada no local. Dessa forma, esse sistema apresenta-se como uma alternativa viável ao sistema com laje moldada no local.
Title in English
Shear between precast beam and precast slab joined by pockets filled with high performance concrete
Keywords in English
Composite beams
Concrete with steel fibers
Precast concrete
Shear connection
Abstract in English
Composite beams formed by precast beam and precast deck were studied in this work. The connection used in the interface was constituted by steel connectors associated with cast-in-place concrete. Steel bars bent in hoop form constituted the connectors, which were inserted in shear pockets in the precast deck. The connection was carried out filling the shear pockets with high performance concrete. The objective was to characterize the beam-deck connection and to analyze the flexural behavior of the composite beams with precast deck. Push-out tests with monotonic loading were carried out, and it was observed an increase of 250% in the shear strength of the connection due to the substitution of the plane smooth surface for other with shear-key. Based on these tests, an analytic model to represent the behavior of the connections with shear-key was proposed, considering the influence of the strength of the cast-in-place concrete, the diameter of the connector and the addition of steel fibers to the connection. Push-out tests with no reversible cyclic loading were carried out, and it was observed lower shear stiffness degradation in the connection due to the addition of fibers. The results of beam tests showed that the flexural strength of the composite beam is directly related to the shear strength of the interface. The appropriate design of the interface guaranteed to the composite beam with precast deck a flexural behavior similar to the beams with cast-in-place deck. In that way, the system with precast deck is a viable alternative to the system with cast-in-pace deck.
 
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Publishing Date
2016-03-30
 
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