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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.17.2019.tde-27072016-151453
Document
Author
Full name
Camila Gachet de Castro
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Baqui, Munira Muhammad Abdel (President)
Barreira, Maria Cristina Roque Antunes
Leite, Maria de Fatima
Pereira, Vanessa Carregaro
Title in Portuguese
Estudos da dinâmica do núcleo da célula hospedeira durante a infecção por Trypanosoma cruzi
Keywords in Portuguese
Compartimentos nucleares
Corpos de Cajal
hnRNP A1 e hnRNP A2B1
RNA polimerase II
Speckles
Trypanosoma cruzi
Abstract in Portuguese
Trypanosoma cruzi é o agente causador da Doença de Chagas, que segundo a OMS, atinge oito milhões de pessoas principalmente na América Latina, causando danos à saúde pública, juntamente com um impacto econômico negativo. Durante o processo de infecção, uma variedade de eventos celulares ocorre apenas pelo simples contato do parasito com a célula hospedeira, levando a modificações no metabolismo celular e alterações morfológicas. O parasita é capaz de modular respostas celulares e imunológicas da célula hospedeira para sua própria sobrevivência. Além do que, pode alterar compartimentos celulares como o número e tamanho de nucléolos, sugerindo que a presença do parasita poderia estar interferindo na maquinaria nuclear. Porém, pouco se conhece sobre a organização nuclear da célula hospedeira quando infectada por Trypanosoma cruzi. O objetivo deste estudo foi de investigar pela primeira vez os compartimentos nucleares das células hospedeiras durante o curso da infecção por T. cruzi. Células LLC-MK2 foram infectadas com T. cruzi e reações de imunofluorescência indireta foram realizadas utilizando anticorpos e marcadores específicos para proteínas nucleares. As análises das imagens de microscopia confocal e quantificação das fluorescências pelo ImageJ mostraram padrões distintos nos compartimentos nucleares quando comparadas com células não infectadas. Corpos de Cajal e Speckles sofrem alterações quando a célula está infectada e isso depende do ciclo celular do parasita. Neste trabalho também foi investigado através de quantificação de imagem e immunoblotting o comportamento das Ribonucleoproteínas A1 e A2B1 durante a parasitemia. Estas análises demonstram que o T. cruzi pode modular a célula hospedeira quando infectada a favor de sua sobrevivência, promovendo alterações na dinâmica dos compartimentos nucleares durante o seu ciclo celular. Esse estudo inédito poderá auxiliar a compreender a biologia do parasita e sua interação com a célula hospedeira e desta maneira contribuir na busca de possíveis alvos terapêuticos
Title in English
Studies of the dynamics of host cell nucleus during infection with Trypanosoma cruzi
Keywords in English
Cajal bodies
hnRNP A1 and hnRNP A2B1
Magazines nuclear
RNA polymerase II
speckles
Trypanosoma cruzi
Abstract in English
Trypanosoma cruzi is the causal agente of Chagas disease, that affects about eight million people mostly in Latin America according to the WHO, causing damage to public health and a negative economic impact. During infection, a variety of signaling processes occur after contact of the parasite to the host cell, what can lead to metabolic modifications as well morphological alterations in both cells. The parasite can modulate host cell cellular and immunological responses for its own survival. In addiction, the presence of T. cruzi can modify the nuclear compartments such as nucleoli, suggesting that the presence of the parasite could be interfering with the nuclear machinery. However, little is know about the nuclear organization when the host cell is infected with Trypanosoma cruzi. This study aimed to investigate for the first time the nuclear compartment of host cells infected by T. cruzi using specific antibodies and fluorescent markers for nuclear compartments, in order to investigate the morphological and functional changes in the nucleus of the host cell. Using LLC-MK2 cells infected with T. cruzi, we performed indirect immunofluorescence using distinct nuclear antibodies. Confocal microscopy analysis of infected cells showed pattern variations in the nuclear compartments when compared to uninfected cells. Cajal bodies and Speckles suffer alterations when the cell is infected and it is related to the parasite life cycle. In this work we also investigated by image quantification and immunoblotting the behavior of Ribonucleoproteins A1 and A2B1 during infection. These evidences support the idea that T. cruzi can modulate host cell response to ensure its own survival during the infection, promoting changes in the dynamics of the nuclear compartments. This unpublished data may help to understand the biology of the parasite and its interaction with the host cell and thus contributing to seek for potential therapeutic targets
 
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Release Date
2021-04-04
Publishing Date
2019-04-03
 
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