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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.17.2017.tde-21072016-153003
Document
Author
Full name
Luana de Fátima Alves
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Ward, Richard John (President)
Moraes, Luiz Alberto Beraldo de
Oliveira, Arthur Henrique Cavalcante de
Title in Portuguese
Criação de uma enzima multifuncional feruloil esterase/acetil-xilano esterase por desenho racional
Keywords in Portuguese
Acetil-xilano esterase
Arabinoxilano
Cana-de-açúcar
Feruloil esterase
Lignocelulose
Abstract in Portuguese
A parede celular das plantas inclui componentes polissacarídeos complexos, e a sacarificação destes polímeros necessita da ação de conjuntos de enzimas que atuem em sinergia. Enzimas podem formar complexos multi-enzimáticos que possuem mais de uma atividade catalítica derivada de domínios distintos de uma mesma cadeia polipeptídica. O objetivo deste trabalho foi construir uma enzima bifuncional com os domínios catalíticos: acetilxilano esterase (Axe) e feruloil esterase (Fae) para desconstrução de material lignocelulósico de cana-de-açúcar. Para isso, dois diferentes domínios catalíticos: acetilxilano esterase (Axe) e feruloil esterase (Fae) oriundos de Clostridium thermocellum foram fundidas para criar a quimera feruloil esterase/acetil-xilano esterase (FaeAxe). O desenho racional da quimera foi feito utilizando-se de métodos computacionais, que permitiram a criação de um modelo estrutural da enzima. A construção da quimera foi feita por overlap PCR, clonada em vetor pET-SUMO e expressa em Escherichia coli. As duas enzimas parentais (Fae e Axe) foram clonadas em vetor pET28 e expressas em E. coli. Durante a etapa de expressão, observou-se que todas as enzimas foram expressas na forma solúvel. As enzimas feruloil esterase e acetilxilano esterase têm como substrato o polímero arabinoxilano, cuja degradação é uma etapa chave na sacarificação de biomassa. Dessa forma, as atividades da quimera, bem como das enzimas parentais foram testadas contra polímeros arabinoxilano de trigo e arabinoxilano de cana-de-açúcar após a hidrólise pela endoxilanase GH11 de Bacillus Subtilis e analisadas por meio de espectrometria de massas. A atividade desacetilase da enzima parental acetil-xilano esterase e da quimera FaeAxe foram confirmadas, evidenciando que a quimera preservou essa atividade catalítica. A atividade da enzima feruloil esterase e da quimera FaeAxe na remoção de ácido ferúlico dos oligossacarídeos gerados pela endoxilanase GH11 não foi observada
Title in English
Construction of a multifunctional enzyme feruloyl esterase/acetyl xylan esterase by rational design
Keywords in English
Acetyl-xylan esterase
Arabinoxylan
Feruloyl esterase
Lignocelluloses
Sugarcane
Abstract in English
The plant cell wall is comprised of a matrix of polysaccharides and saccharification of these polymers requires the joint action of diverse enzymes. Enzymes may form multi-enzymatic complexes that have more than one catalytic activity derived from different domains of a single polypeptide chain. The aim of this work was to construct a bifunctional enzyme with two catalytic domains: acetylxylan esterase (Axe) and feruloyl esterase (Fae) for degradation of sugar cane lignocellulosic material. The two different catalytic domains: acetylxylan esterase (Axe) and feruloyl esterase (Fae) from Clostridium thermocellum were fused to generate a bifunctional chimera feruloyl esterase/acetylxylan esterase (FaeAxe). A molecular model was created by rational design using a 3D-structure guided strategy. The fusion was created using overlap PCR, and the resulting product was cloned into the pETSUMO vector. The chimeric protein and the parental enzymes were expressed in Escherichia coli and purified and the enzymes were expressed in soluble form. Xylanases, feruloyl esterases and acetylxylan esterases degrade arabinoxylan polymers and their activity is a key step in the saccharification of biomass. The catalytic properties of the chimera and of the parental enzymes were tested against wheat and sugarcane arabinoxylan polymers after hydrolysis by GH11 endoxylanase from Bacillus subtilis and analyzed by mass spectroscopy. The deacetylase activity of acetyl-xylan esterase parental enzyme and FaeAxe chimera were confirmed, showing that the chimera kept the deacetylase activity. After hydrolysis by GH11 endoxylanase from Bacillus subtilis the feruloyl esterase and FaeAxe chimera activities on ferulic acid removal were not observed
 
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Publishing Date
2017-03-28
 
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